New Mexico Almanac furnishes quick facts and figures on the state, its history and geography; largest and smallest counties, largest cities; climate and weather, temperature, highest, lowest, and mean temperatures; elevations, lowest, highest elevations; total area, land area and water area, state forest and park areas; bordering states, electoral votes, number of senators and representatives to the US Congress, and other statistical data.
Use this almanac of New Mexico for information on local issues, politics, events, celebrations, people and business pertaining to the state of New Mexico that can be found online.
New Mexico is one of the Mountain states of the US. New Mexico is one of the Four Corners states, meeting the boundaries of Colorado, Arizona, and Utah at one point where all their corners meet. Name of New Mexico is an anglicized version of "Nuevo Mexico," the Spanish name for the upper Rio Grande. Mexico, an Aztec spelling, means "place of Mexitli" one of the Aztec gods.
Since 1945, New Mexico has been a leader in energy research and development with extensive experiments conducted at Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory and Sandia Laboratories in the nuclear, solar, and geothermal areas. Minerals are the state's richest natural resource, and New Mexico is one of the U.S. leaders in output of uranium and potassium salts. Petroleum, natural gas, copper, gold, silver, zinc, lead, and molybdenum also contribute heavily to the state's income. The principal manufacturing industries include food products, chemicals, transportation equipment, lumber, electrical machinery, and stone-clay-glass products. About two-thirds of New Mexico's farm income comes from livestock products, especially dairy and cattle. Pecans, hay, and onions are the most important field crops. Corn, peanuts, beans, onions, chilies, and lettuce are also grown.
New Mexico Almanac: Facts on New Mexico
|Official Name||New Mexico|
|Nicknames||Land of Enchantment (1999) ...and more|
|Motto||Crescit Eundo (It grows as it goes)|
|35.67850 N, 105.95414 W
|Statehood||January 06, 1912
14.99 sq. mi.
|10 largest cities (2010 est.):Albuquerque, 545,852; Las Cruces, 97,618; Santa Fe, 70,631; Rio Rancho, 67,947; Roswell, 48,366; Farmington, 45,877; Clovis, 37,775; Hobbs, 34,122; Alamogordo, 30,403; Carlsbad, 26,138|
|Bordering States||North: Colorado
East: Oklahoma and Texas
South: Texas and the Mexican state of Chihuahua
|Major Industry||mining (potash, copper, silver, uranium), oil, natural gas, tourism|
|Major Rivers||Rio Grande, Pecos River|
|Major Lakes||Elephant Butte Reservoir, Conchas Lake, Navajo Reservoir|
|New Mexico Counties||33 Counties in New Mexico|
1,166 sq. mi.
6,928 sq mi
|US Congress||2 Senators; 3 Representatives|
|Time Zone||Mountain Standard Time|
|State Quick Facts||Census Bureau Quick Facts|
New Mexico Climate and Weather
|New Mexico has considerable variation in climate, particularly from lower to higher elevations. Overall, it's got lots of sunshine and low humidity. Summer is hot, with temperatures in low elevations sometimes reaching the 100s F/38+ C. The average July high temperature, though, is in the low 90s F/32-35 C at lower elevations and the high 70s F/23-25 C at higher spots. July and August have the most rain, often in brief but intense thunderstorms, which moderate the summer heat. Nights cool off quickly to the comfortable mid 60s F/15-17 C (mid 50s F/10-13 C in the mountains). Winters are moderately cold, especially in the mountains, where the average January high is in the mid 30s F/2-4 C (mid 50s F/10-12 C elsewhere). The higher elevations are the skier's playground - some places in the northern mountains claim 100 in/254 cm of snow annually - but the snow isn't heavy everywhere, and what falls may not last.|
|Highest Temperature||122 degrees
June 27, 1994 - Lakewood
|Lowest Temperature||-50 degrees
February 1, 1951 - Gavilan
High - Low
|92.8 degrees||22.3 degrees|
New Mexico Points of Interest
|Carlsbad Caverns, Chaco Canyon, the International UFO Museum in Roswell, Indian cliff dwellings, Sandia Peak Tramway, Santa Fe, Taos, Carlsbad Caverns National Park, Inscription Rock at El Morro National Monument, the ruins at Fort Union, Billy the Kid mementos at Lincoln, the White Sands and Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monuments, Bandelier National Monument, and the Chaco Culture National Historical Park, and a wide assortment of monuments, and of course, New Mexico's dazzling scenery.|
New Mexico Highest, Lowest, and Mean Elevations (Feet)
|Mean Elevation: 5,700 feet|
Highest Point: Wheeler Peak: 13,161 feet
The Wheeler Peak Wilderness includes almost 20,000 acres. Lying along the top of the Sangre De Cristo mountain range Wheeler Peak Wilderness is characterized by high rugged terrain. Elevations range from a low of 7,650 feet to a high of 13,161 feet at Wheeler Peak, the highest point in the State of New Mexico.
|Lowest Point:||Red Bluff Reservoir
New Mexico Land Area (Square Miles)
|Geographic Center||In Torrance County, 12 mi. SSW of Willard
|Total Area||121,589.48 sq. mi
|Land Area||121,355.539 sq. mi
|Water Area||233.96 sq. mi
|Forested Land Area||20%|
(Length - Width)
|370 miles - 343 miles|
|Source:(US Census, April 1, 2000)