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North Carolina Counties
North Carolina County map
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North Carolina Counties

North Carolina is divided into one hundred counties. The establishment of North Carolina counties stretches over 240 years, beginning in 1668 with the creation of Albemarle County and ending with the 1911 creation of Avery and Hoke counties. Five counties have been divided or abolished altogether, the last being Dobbs County in 1791.

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Buncombe County, North Carolina

Buncombe County Education, Geography, and HistoryBuncombe County, North Carolina Courthouse

Buncombe County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 238,318. Its county seat is Asheville.

Buncombe County is part of the Asheville, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Etymology - Origin of Buncombe County Name

t was named in honor of Colonel Edward Buncombe, a Revolutionary soldier, who was wounded and captured at the Battle of Germantown, October 4, 1777, and in May, 1778, died a paroled prisoner in Philadelphia.

Demographics:

County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

Buncombe County History

Buncombe was formed in 1791 from Burke and Rutherford. It was named in honor of Colonel Edward Buncombe, a Revolutionary soldier, who was wounded and captured at the Battle of Germantown, October 4, 1777, and in May, 1778, died a paroled prisoner in Philadelphia. It is in the western section of the State and is bounded by McDowell, Henderson, Haywood, Madison, and Yancey counties. The present land area is 655.99 square miles and the 2000 population was 206,330. Asheville, named in honor of Samuel Ashe, Governor of North Carolina, 1796-1798, is the county seat.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 660 square miles (1,700 km2), of which 657 square miles (1,700 km2) is land and 3.5 square miles (9.1 km2) (0.5%) is water.

The French Broad River enters the county at its border with Henderson County to the south and flows north into Madison County. The source of the Swannanoa River, which joins the French Broad River in Asheville, is in northeast Buncombe County near Mount Mitchell. A milestone was achieved in 2003 when Interstate 26 was extended from Mars Hill (north of Asheville) to Johnson City, Tennessee, completing a 20-year, half-billion dollar construction project through the Blue Ridge Mountains.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Madison County - north
  • Yancey County - northeast
  • McDowell County - east
  • Rutherford County - southeast
  • Henderson County - south
  • Haywood County - west
  • Transylvania County - southwest

Education

North Carolina Colleges, Universities, & Schools
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