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Madison County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 20,764. Its county seat
is Marshall. The county was formed in 1851 from parts of Buncombe County and Yancey County. It was named for James Madison, fourth President
of the United States (1809-1817).
Madison County is part of the Asheville, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area.
It was named in honor of James Madison, the fourth President of the United States.
County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts
Madison was formed in 1851 from Buncombe and Yancey. It was named in honor of James Madison, the fourth President of the United States. It is in the western section of the State, and is bounded by Yancey, Buncombe and Haywood counties and the state of Tennessee. The present land area is 449.42 square miles and the 2000 population was 19,635. The first court was ordered to be held at the tavern house of Adolphus Baird at which time the majority of the justices could adjourn to any other place they determined until a courthouse could be erected. Seven commissioners were named to select a site for the county seat. When the place was finally decided on, the commissioners were to acquire a tract of land, lay out a town by the name of Marshall, and erect a courthouse. Marshall, named in honor of John Marshall, is the county seat.
As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 451 square miles (1,170 km2), of which 450 square miles (1,200 km2) is
land and 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2) (0.4%) is water.
Madison County is located deep in the Appalachian Mountains of western North Carolina, and much of the county's terrain is rugged, heavily forested, and sparsely populated. The county's northern border is with the State of Tennessee. Madison County's largest river is the French Broad River, which flows north-northwest through the county, first past the county seat of Marshall, then past the resort town of Hot Springs.
Bordering counties are as follows:
Madison County's public educational system consists of one early college high school, one traditional high school (Madison High School located in the county seat of Marshall), one middle school, and four elementary schools. The county is also home to Mars Hill College, a private, coed, four-year liberal-arts college affiliated with the North Carolina Baptist Convention. Founded in 1856, Mars Hill is the oldest college in western North Carolina; it offers 33 majors and five degrees.