North Carolina is divided into one hundred counties. The establishment of North Carolina counties stretches over 240 years, beginning in 1668 with the creation of Albemarle County and ending with the 1911 creation of Avery and Hoke counties. Five counties have been divided or abolished altogether, the last being Dobbs County in 1791.
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Northampton was formed in 1741 from Bertie. It was named in honor of James Crompton, Earl of Northampton, an English nobleman. It is in the northeastern section of the State. It is bounded by the State of Virginia and Halifax, Bertie and Hertford counties.
The present land area is 536.48 square miles and the 2000 population was 22,086. In 1806 Atherton was established as the courthouse. Jackson is currently the county seat.
Geography: Land and Water
As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 551 square miles (1,430 km2), of which 537 square miles (1,390 km2) is
land and 14 square miles (36 km2) (2.5%) is water.