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North Carolina Counties

North Carolina is divided into one hundred counties. The establishment of North Carolina counties stretches over 240 years, beginning in 1668 with the creation of Albemarle County and ending with the 1911 creation of Avery and Hoke counties. Five counties have been divided or abolished altogether, the last being Dobbs County in 1791.

Vance County, North Carolina

Vance County Education, Geography, and HistoryVance County, North Carolina Courthouse

Vance County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 45,422. Its county seat is Henderson.

Vance County comprises the Henderson, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill, NC Combined Statistical Area

Etymology - Origin of Vance County Name

It was named in honor of Zebulon Baird Vance, a member of Congress, Governor of North Carolina, and a United States Senator.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Vance County History

Vance was formed in 1881 from Granville, Warren, and Franklin. It was named in honor of Zebulon Baird Vance, a member of Congress, Governor of North Carolina, and a United States Senator. It is in the northeastern section of the State and is bounded by Warren, Franklin, and Granville counties and the state of Virginia The present land area is 253.52 square miles and the 2000 population was 42,954. The act directed the county commissioners to select a site in Henderson for the erection of the courthouse. Henderson is the county seat.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 270 square miles (700 km2), of which 254 square miles (660 km2) is land and 16 square miles (41 km2) (6.0%) is water.

Kerr Lake and Kerr Lake State Recreation Area are partially located in Vance County.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Mecklenburg County, Virginia - north
  • Warren County - east
  • Franklin County - south
  • Granville County - west


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