Kansas Counties
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Kansas Counties

Kansas has one hundred and five counties. Originally 33 counties were organized by the Territorial Legislature in 1855. The Chase County Courthouse in Cottonwood Falls, Kansas was built in 1873 and is the oldest operating courthouse in Kansas. As of January 1, 2009 Greeley County and the city of Tribune unified to form the Unified Government of Greeley County..

Hamilton County, Kansas

Hamilton County Education, Geography, and HistoryHamilton County, Kansas Courthouse

Hamilton County is a county located in the state of Kansas. Based on the 2010 census, the county population was 2,690. Hamilton County was created on March 20, 1873. The county seat and most populous city is Syracuse. The county is named for General Alexander Hamilton.

Etymology - Origin of Hamilton County Name

The county is named in honor of General Alexander Hamilton, the great American statesman; he was killed in a duel with Aaron Burr, July 11, 1804.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Hamilton County History

Hamilton County, one of the western border tier, was erected by the act of March 6, 1873, which defined the boundaries as follows: "Commencing at the intersection of the east line of range 39 west with the 4th standard parallel thence south along said range line to its intersection with the north line of township 27 south; thence along said township line to the west boundary of the State of Kansas; thence north along said west boundary line of the State of Kansas to where it is intersected by the 4th standard parallel; thence east to the place of beginning."

In 1883, when several of the western counties were discontinued by act of the legislature, the boundaries of Hamilton were extended to include the western half of the present counties of Grant and Kearny and all of the present county of Stanton, but by the act of March 5, 1887, the original boundaries were restored. At present the county is bounded on the north by Greeley county; on the east by Kearny; on the south by Stanton, and on the west by the State of Colorado. It was named for Alexander Hamilton, one of the founders of the American republic, who was killed in a duel with Aaron Burr.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 998 square miles (2,580 km2), of which 997 square miles (2,580 km2) is land and 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2) (0.1%) is water.

 Hamilton county is located in west Kansas. The county is level in the northern part and rolling prairie in the southern. The Arkansas river enters the county from the west and flows in a southeast direction until it enters Kearny county. There is little native timber, but a number of artificial groves have been planted. White magnesian limestone is abundant in the bluffs along the river and some gypsum deposits have been found.


The Arkansas river, the Santa Fe railroad, and highway US 50, running almost together, divide the county and join all of its towns. If you leave the valley, you'll be in the rolling high plains.
  • For about five miles just west of Syracuse, highway US 50 follows the original path of the mountain route of the Santa Fe Trail.
  • If you look off to the North from highway US 50 in Coolidge, you can see the old stone water tower.
  • If you're feeling a little more adventurous, take the river road along the south side of the river from Syracuse to Coolidge. You'll have cottonwoods on one side and pastures on the other.
  • There is a sinkhole about seven miles south of Coolidge. It's not very impressive, but the drive down to see it gives a good sense of the countryside.
  • In 1900, Mayline was a tiny town on the AT&SF halfway between Kendall and Syracuse. The 1927-1928 Report from the State Board of Agriculture makes no mention of it.
  • The Northrup Theater in Syracuse opened April 7, 1930 with "Footlights and Fools" starring Colleen Moore. The ornate "art deco" paint job on the interior was added in the forties. The building has been restored and is operated by the Chamber of Commerce.
  • The Donahue Memorial Hospital in Syracuse has been replaced but the gracious old three-story brick building still stands on a tree-covered site high above most of town.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Greeley County (north)
  • Wichita County (northeast)
  • Kearny County (east)
  • Grant County (southeast)
  • Stanton County (south)
  • Prowers County, Colorado (west)


Unified School Districts

Syracuse USD 494

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