New York Counties
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New York Counties

There are sixty-two counties in the State of New York. The first twelve counties in New York were created immediately after the British annexation of the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam, although two of these counties have since been abolished. The most recent county formation in New York was in 1912, when Bronx County was created from the portions of New York City that had been annexed from Westchester County.

Franklin County, New York

Franklin County Education, Geography, and HistoryFranklin County, New York Courthouse

Franklin County is a county located in the state of New York. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 51,599. Its county seat is Malone. The county is named in honor of American Founding Father Benjamin Franklin.

Franklin County comprises the Malone, NY Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Much of Franklin County is within the Adirondack Park. Its Canadian borders are the provinces of Quebec and Ontario.

Etymology - Origin of Franklin County Name

Franklin County name in honor of Benjamin Franklin.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Franklin County History

Franklin County, taken from Clinton in 1808, is centrally distant from New York 287, from Albany NW. 142 miles. Greatest length 60, greatest breadth 30 miles. The high northern latitude sufficiently indicates the rigors of the climate. The forests are very dense, consisting of trees of immense size. In the southwestern part are some lofty ridges of mountains, but of all the rest a large portion is rather level than hilly. The settlements are almost wholly in the northern part, extending about 15 miles S. from the N. line, and even here are sparse; much file larger portion of the county being as yet covered with the primitive forests. The soil is a sandy loam, occasionally mixed with clay, and stony. The fields commonly among thrifty farmers are fenced with stones gathered from the surface. Some wheat is raised, but it is an uncertain crop, whilst grass, oats, barley, corn, and, generally are very productive. No portion of the state is perhaps better adapted to the sugar-beet. Grazing and lumbering are the chief pursuit of the inhabitants, who find their market upon the St. Lawrence river. The county is divided into 13 towns. (Historical Collections of the State of New York, Past and Present, John Barber, Clark Albien & Co, 1851)

Franklin County was named for Benjamin Franklin: the exact reason remaining somewhat of a mystery. At one time much of the south end of the county was owned by LeRay de Chaumont, son of a French count, who greatly admired Franklin. In addition, a great number of the first settlers came from counties named Franklin in Vermont and Massachusetts.

Geography: Land and Water

Franklin County is in the northeastern part of New York State. The northern edge is the border with Canada.

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,697 square miles (4,396 km2), of which, 1,631 square miles (4,226 km2) of it is land and 66 square miles (171 km2) of it (3.89%) is water.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Clinton County, New York - east
  • Essex County, New York - southeast
  • Hamilton County, New York - southwest
  • St. Lawrence County, New York - west
  • Le Haut-Saint-Laurent Regional County Municipality, Quebec - north


Franklin County is home to North Country Community College and Paul Smith's College. North Country Community College is sponsored by and serves Franklin and Essex counties, with campuses in Malone - Saranac Lake and Ticonderoga.

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