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Alabama Counties

Alabama currently has sixty-seven counties. The oldest county, Washington, was created on June 4, 1800, when what is now Alabama was then part of the Mississippi Territory. The newest county is Houston, created on February 9, 1903.

In 1820, Alabama had 29 counties. By 1830 there were 36, with Indians still occupying land in northeast and far western Alabama. By 1840, 49 counties had been created; 52 by 1850; 65 by 1870; and the present 67 counties by 1903.


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Butler County, Alabama

Butler County History, Geography, and Demographics

County Seat: Greenville
Year Organized: 1819
Square Miles: 777
Court House:

P.O. Box 756
Greenville, AL 36037-0756

Etymology - Origin of County Name

Named for Capt. William Butler, a soldier of the Creek War of 1813-14.

Demographics:

County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

County History

Butler County, Alabama


Formed by the first session of the Alabama legislature on 1819 Dec. 13, from parts of Monroe and Conecuh Counties. It was named for Capt. William Butler, a soldier of the Creek War of 1813-14. Butler County lies in the south-central part of the state, and borders Lowndes, Crenshaw, Covington, Conecuh, Monroe, and Wilcox counties. The county seat is located at Greenville, which was originally named Buttsville. Other towns and communities include Chapman, McKenzie, and Georgiana.

According to the census of 2000, there were 21,399 people, 8,398 households, and 5,870 families living in the county. The population density was 11/km˛ (28/mi˛). There were 9,957 housing units at an average density of 5/km˛ (13/mi˛). The racial makeup of the county was 58.38% White, 40.81% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.05% from other races, and 0.39% from two or more races. 0.67% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,398 households out of which 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.70% were married couples living together, 18.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.10% were non-families. 27.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.90% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 25.10% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 88.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $24,791, and the median income for a family was $30,915. Males had a median income of $28,968 versus $18,644 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,715. About 20.40% of families and 24.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.30% of those under age 18 and 28.60% of that age 65 or over.

Neighboring Counties:

  • North: Lowndes County
  • East: Crenshaw County
  • Southeast: Covington County
  • Southwest: Conecuh County; Monroe County
  • Northwest: Wilcox County
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County Resources
Counties: US Map
The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"


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