Catch up on your state trivia with these Alabama history firsts and interesting fun facts about the state.
32.35440 N, 086.28428 W
December 14, 1819
67 Counties in Alabama
1,113 sq. mi.
Alabama History Firsts &
1540 -On October 18, 1540, the largest Indian battle in North America occurred when the Spaniards under Hernando
de Soto attacked Chief Tuscaloosa's village of Mabila (or Mauvila). Most of the 2,000 inhabitants were killed during the battle.
1811 and 1812 - Schools established in Mobile include Washington Academy (founded in 1811) and Huntsville Green Academy (founded in 1812).
1814 - General Andrew Jackson defeated the Creek Indians in 1814. Following the event the Native Americans ceded nearly half the present
state land to the United States.
1817-1819 - Between 1817 and 1819 Old Saint Stephens was the first territorial capital of Alabama.
1818 - Blount County was created on February 7, 1818 and is older than the state.
1819 - Alabama became the 22nd state on December 14, 1819.
1834 - Peter Bryce is recognized as the state's first psychiatrist. He was born in 1834 and died in 1892.
1846 - January 28, 1846, Montgomery was selected as capital of Alabama.
Confederate flag was designed and first flown in Alabama.
January 11, 1861, Alabama becomes the fourth state to secede from the Union.
1864 - Battle of Mobile Bay, Admiral David Farragut issued his famous command, "Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead." The event
occurred on August 5, 1864.
1886 - World's first Electric Trolley System was introduced in Montgomery.
Audemus jura nostra defendere is the official Alabama state motto. Translated
it means "we dare defend our rights."
1950s - The United States space flight program at Redstone Arsenal and George C. Marshall Space Flight Center made Huntsville a leading
1953 - The state legislature approved Act no. 244, adopting the Alabamian's Creed, as Alabama's Creed.
1955 - Black woman named Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a Montgomery bus to a white passenger. Martin Luther
King, Jr. led a successful boycott of the city's public transportation and brought the technique of passive resistance to national prominence.
1956 - The Army Ballistic Missile Agency was established at Huntsville's Redstone Arsenal.
Alabama workers built the first rocket to put humans on the moon.
There are no large natural lakes in Alabama, but the state has several large reservoirs, including Wheeler Lake on the Tennessee River and R.
L. Harris Reservoir on the Tallapoosa River.
Alabama is the only state with all major natural resources needed to make iron and steel. It is also the largest supplier of cast-iron and steel
Alabama has 20 major aquifers that supply water from the land surface to depths approaching 3,000 feet. The deepest public water supply well is
constructed in the Tuscaloosa Group aquifer in Dale County (2,750 feet).
Alabama receives approximately 55 inches of rainfall each year, but, on average, only 6 inches move underground to become ground-water recharge
Alabama introduced the Mardi Gras to the western world. The celebration is held on Shrove Tuesday, the day before Lent begins.
Montgomery is the capital and the birthplace of the Confederate States of America.
A skeleton of a pre-historic man was found in Russell Cave. A skeleton of a pre-historic man was found in Russell Cave, Bridgeport, AL.
Birmingham has been recognized as the South's top city for income growth and among the top ten nationally over the last 20 years.
The town of Enterprise houses the Boll Weevil Monument to acknowledge the role this destructive insect played in encouraging
farmers to grow crops other than cotton. The world's only monument dedicated to an insect pest.
Located in the Hall of History, in Bessemer, is Hitler's typewriter.