State Facts - History Firsts
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Alabama State Facts - Alabama History Firsts
Catch up on your state trivia with these Alabama history firsts and interesting
fun facts about the state.
|32.35440 N, 086.28428 W
||December 14, 1819
||67 Counties in Alabama
1,113 sq. mi.
- 1540 -On October 18, 1540, the largest Indian battle
in North America occurred when the Spaniards under Hernando de Soto
attacked Chief Tuscaloosa's village of Mabila (or Mauvila). Most of the 2,000
inhabitants were killed during the battle.
- 1811 and 1812 - Schools established in Mobile include Washington
Academy (founded in 1811) and Huntsville Green Academy (founded in 1812).
- 1814 - General Andrew Jackson defeated the Creek Indians in 1814.
Following the event the Native Americans ceded nearly half the present state
land to the United States.
- 1817-1819 - Between 1817 and 1819 Old Saint Stephens was the first
territorial capital of Alabama.
- 1818 - Blount County was created on February 7, 1818 and is older
than the state.
- 1819 - Alabama became the 22nd state on December 14, 1819.
- 1834 - Peter Bryce is recognized as the state's first psychiatrist.
He was born in 1834 and died in 1892.
- 1846 - January 28, 1846, Montgomery was selected as capital of Alabama.
- 1861 -
- Confederate flag was designed and first flown in Alabama.
- January 11, 1861, Alabama becomes the fourth state to secede from the Union.
- 1864 - Battle of Mobile Bay, Admiral David Farragut issued his famous
command, "Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead." The event occurred
on August 5, 1864.
- 1886 - World's first Electric Trolley System was introduced in
- 1895 - Alabama State
Flag was authorized by the Alabama legislature on February 16,
- 1902 -
- Dr. Hill performed the first open heart surgery in the Western Hemisphere,
by suturing a stab wound in a young boy's heart. The surgery occurred in
- Tallulah Bankhead was born in Huntsville. She died in 1968, entertained
as a star of stage, screen, and radio during the 1930s-1950s.
- 1914 - Boxer Joe Louis was born in Lexington. He died in 1981.
- 1919 - Singer and entertainer Nathaniel Adams (Nat King) Cole was
born in Montgomery, known as the man with the velvet voice. He died in 1965.
- 1927 - The
Yellowhammer was named the State Bird of Alabama
- 1931 -
- Baseball player Willie Howard Mays was born in Westfield.
- The Birmingham Airport opened in 1931. At the time of the opening a Birmingham
to Los Angeles flight took 19 hours.
- The words of Alabama, is the
Alabama state song
- 1934 - Baseball player Henry Louis (Hank) Aaron was born in Mobile.
- 1937 - To help fund education Alabama instituted its state sales
- 1939 -
- A bill was introduced by the legislature to restore the original
seal as the Great Seal of Alabama.
- Audemus jura nostra defendere is the official
Alabama state motto.
Translated it means "we dare defend our rights."
- 1950s - The United States space flight program at Redstone Arsenal
and George C. Marshall Space Flight Center made Huntsville a leading aerospace
- 1953 - The state legislature approved Act no. 244,
adopting the Alabamian's Creed, as
- 1955 - Black woman named Rosa Parks refused to give
up her seat on a Montgomery bus to a white passenger. Martin Luther King, Jr.
led a successful boycott of the city's public transportation and brought
the technique of passive resistance to national prominence.
- 1956 - The Army Ballistic Missile Agency was established at Huntsville's
- 1967 - Adopted red iron ore, with the scientific name of
hematite as the state mineral.
- 1975 - Act no. 1153 designated the
as Alabama State Horse
- 1982 - The Act no. 82-17 made the
Alabama State Nut.
- 1988 -
Renaissance Faire became the official state faire
- 1989 - The legislature made the
the state insect
- 1990 - The
Star Blue Quartz became the state gemstone
- 1995 - Heather Whitestone serves as first Miss America chosen with
- 1997 - The
Southern Longleaf Pine (Pinus palustris Miller),
was specified as the state tree
- 1999 - Legislature designated that the
camellia, Camellia japonica
L., as the official state
flower of Alabama.
- 2006 -
More Alabama History Firsts - Alabama State Facts
- Alabama workers built the first rocket to put humans on the moon.
- There are no large natural lakes in Alabama, but the state has several large
reservoirs, including Wheeler Lake on the Tennessee River and R. L. Harris Reservoir
on the Tallapoosa River.
- Alabama is the only state with all major natural resources needed to make
iron and steel. It is also the largest supplier of cast-iron and steel pipe
- Alabama has 20 major aquifers that supply water from the land surface to
depths approaching 3,000 feet. The deepest public water supply well is constructed
in the Tuscaloosa Group aquifer in Dale County (2,750 feet).
- Alabama receives approximately 55 inches of rainfall each year, but, on
average, only 6 inches move underground to become ground-water recharge
- Alabama introduced the Mardi Gras to the western world. The celebration
is held on Shrove Tuesday, the day before Lent begins.
- Montgomery is the capital and the birthplace of the Confederate States of
- A skeleton of a pre-historic man was found in Russell Cave. A skeleton of
a pre-historic man was found in Russell Cave, Bridgeport, AL.
- Birmingham has been recognized as the South's top city for income growth
and among the top ten nationally over the last 20 years.
- The town of Enterprise houses the Boll Weevil Monument
to acknowledge the role this destructive insect played in encouraging farmers
to grow crops other than cotton. The world's only monument dedicated to an insect
- Located in the Hall of History, in Bessemer, is Hitler's typewriter.
- At 2,405 feet Cheaha Mountain
is Alabama's highest point above sea level.
- Alabama's mean elevation is 500 feet at its lowest elevation point.
- Huntsville is known as the rocket capital of the World.
- The Alabama Department of Archives is the oldest state-funded archival agency
in the nation.
- Huntsville, Alabama is known as the Rocket Capital of the World and is home
of the George C. Marshall Space Flight Center.
- The musical singing group Alabama has a Fan Club and Museum in Fort Payne.
- Montgomery was the birthplace and capital of the Confederate States of America.
- The United States Army Chemical Corps Museum in Fort McClellan contains
over 4,000 chemical warfare artifacts.
- Governor George C. Wallace served four terms in office.
- Alabama's geographic center is located in Chilton a
community located 12 miles southwest of Clanton.
- The word 'Alabama'
means tribal town in the Creek Indian language.
- The United States Army Chemical Corps Museum in Fort McClellan contains
over 4000 chemical warfare artifacts.
- Winston County is often called the Free State of Winston. It gained the
name during the Civil War.
- Mobile is named after the Mauvilla Indians.
- People from Alabama are called Alabamians.
- Alabama resident Sequoyah devised the phonetic, written
alphabet of the Cherokee language.
- Washington County is the oldest county in Alabama.
County Information and County History
St. Clair, Sumter,
Britain's American colonies broke with their mother country in 1776 and were then recognized as
the new nation of the United States of America following the Treaty of Paris in 1783. During the
19th and 20th centuries, 37 new states were added to the original 13 as the nation expanded across
the North American continent and acquired a number of overseas possessions.
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