State Facts - History Firsts
Facts - Alabama History Firsts
Catch up on your state trivia with these Alabama history firsts and interesting fun facts about the state.
|Location & Region
||32.35440 N, 086.28428 W
||December 14, 1819
||67 Counties in Alabama
||1,113 sq mi.
- 1540 -On October 18, 1540, the largest Indian battle in North
America occurred when the Spaniards under Hernando de Soto attacked Chief Tuscaloosa's
village of Mabila (or Mauvila). Most of the 2,000 inhabitants were killed during the battle.
- 1811 and 1812 - Schools established in Mobile include Washington Academy (founded
in 1811) and Huntsville Green Academy (founded in 1812).
- 1814 - General Andrew Jackson defeated the Creek Indians in 1814. Following the
event the Native Americans ceded nearly half the present state land to the United States.
- 1817-1819 - Between 1817 and 1819 Old Saint Stephens was the first territorial
capital of Alabama.
- 1818 - Blount County was created on February 7, 1818 and is older than the state.
- 1819 - Alabama became the 22nd state on December 14, 1819.
- 1834 - Peter Bryce is recognized as the state's first psychiatrist. He was
born in 1834 and died in 1892.
- 1846 - January 28, 1846, Montgomery was selected as capital of Alabama.
- 1861 -
- Confederate flag was designed and first flown in Alabama.
- January 11, 1861, Alabama becomes the fourth state to secede from the Union.
- 1864 - Battle of Mobile Bay, Admiral David Farragut issued his famous command, "Damn
the torpedoes, full speed ahead." The event occurred on August 5, 1864.
- 1886 - World's first Electric Trolley System was introduced in Montgomery.
- 1895 - Alabama State Flag
was authorized by the Alabama legislature on February 16, 1895.
- 1902 -
- Dr. Hill performed the first open heart surgery in the Western Hemisphere, by suturing
a stab wound in a young boy's heart. The surgery occurred in Montgomery.
- Tallulah Bankhead was born in Huntsville. She died in 1968, entertained as a star
of stage, screen, and radio during the 1930s-1950s.
- 1914 - Boxer Joe Louis was born in Lexington. He died in 1981.
- 1919 - Singer and entertainer Nathaniel Adams (Nat King) Cole was born in Montgomery,
known as the man with the velvet voice. He died in 1965.
- 1927 - The Yellowhammer
was named the State Bird of Alabama
- 1931 -
- Baseball player Willie Howard Mays was born in Westfield.
- The Birmingham Airport opened in 1931. At the time of the opening a Birmingham to
Los Angeles flight took 19 hours.
- The words of Alabama, is the
Alabama state song
- 1934 - Baseball player Henry Louis (Hank) Aaron was born in Mobile.
- 1937 - To help fund education Alabama instituted its state sales tax.
- 1939 -
- A bill was introduced by the legislature to restore the original seal as the
Great Seal of Alabama.
- Audemus jura nostra defendere is the official
Alabama state motto. Translated
it means "we dare defend our rights."
- 1950s - The United States space flight program at Redstone Arsenal and George
C. Marshall Space Flight Center made Huntsville a leading aerospace center.
- 1953 - The state legislature approved Act no. 244, adopting the
Alabamian's Creed, as Alabama's Creed.
- 1955 - Black woman named Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat
on a Montgomery bus to a white passenger. Martin Luther King, Jr. led a successful boycott
of the city's public transportation and brought the technique of passive resistance
to national prominence.
- 1956 - The Army Ballistic Missile Agency was established at Huntsville's
- 1967 - Adopted red iron ore, with the scientific name of
hematite as the state mineral.
- 1975 - Act no. 1153 designated the
Racking Horse as
Alabama State Horse
- 1982 - The Act no. 82-17 made the
pecan the Alabama State
- 1988 -
The Florence Renaissance
Faire became the official state faire
- 1989 - The legislature made the
Monarch Butterfly the
- 1990 - The Star Blue
Quartz became the state gemstone
- 1995 - Heather Whitestone serves as first Miss America chosen with a disability.
- 1997 - The
Southern Longleaf Pine (Pinus
palustris Miller), was specified as the
state tree of Alabama
- 1999 - Legislature designated that the
camellia, Camellia japonica L.,
as the official state flower of Alabama.
- 2006 -
More Alabama History Firsts - Alabama State Facts
County Information and County History
Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, Dallas, DeKalb, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Geneva, Greene, Hale, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Marion, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Pickens, Pike, Randolph, Russell, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Washington, Wilcox, Winston
Britain's American colonies broke with their mother country in 1776 and were
then recognized as the new nation of the United States of America following the Treaty of Paris in 1783. During the 19th and 20th centuries, 37 new states were added to the original 13 as the nation expanded across the North American continent and acquired a number of overseas possessions.