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Alabama Counties

Alabama currently has sixty-seven counties. The oldest county, Washington, was created on June 4, 1800, when what is now Alabama was then part of the Mississippi Territory. The newest county is Houston, created on February 9, 1903.

In 1820, Alabama had 29 counties. By 1830 there were 36, with Indians still occupying land in northeast and far western Alabama. By 1840, 49 counties had been created; 52 by 1850; 65 by 1870; and the present 67 counties by 1903.

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Coffee County, Alabama

Coffee County History, Geography, and Demographics

County Seat: Elba
Year Organized: 1841
Square Miles: 679
Court House:

2 County Complex
County Courthouse
New Brockton, AL 36351-9791

Etymology - Origin of County Name

It was named for Gen. John Coffee, a hero of the Creek War of 1813-14.

Demographics:

County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

County History

Coffee County, Alabama

Formed by the Alabama legislature on 1841 Dec. 29, from what had been part of Dale County. It was named for Gen. John Coffee, a hero of the Creek War of 1813-14. Coffee County is located in the southeastern part of the state and is bordered on the north by Pike County, on the east by Dale County, on the south by Geneva County, and on the west by Covington and Crenshaw counties. It encompasses 680 square miles. The first county seat was at Wellborn. The county courthouse was destroyed by fire in 1851, and the following year the legislature authorized an election to be held to select another site. The town of Elba, then called Bentonville, was chosen. Other towns and communities include Enterprise, Kinston, and New Brockton.

According to the census of 2000, there were 43,615 people, 17,421 households, and 12,490 families living in the county. The population density was 25/km˛ (64/mi˛). There were 19,837 housing units at an average density of 11/km˛ (29/mi˛). The racial makeup of the county was 77.11% White, 18.37% Black or African American, 0.91% Native American, 0.95% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.89% from other races, and 1.67% from two or more races. 2.71% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 17,421 households out of which 32.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.40% were married couples living together, 12.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.30% were non-families. 24.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.80% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,664, and the median income for a family was $39,664. Males had a median income of $31,468 versus $20,234 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,321. About 11.30% of families and 14.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.30% of those under age 18 and 13.50% of that age 65 or over.

Neighboring Counties:

  • North: Pike County
  • East: Dale County
  • Southeast: Geneva County
  • Southwest: Covington County
  • Northwest: Crenshaw County
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