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Alabama Counties

Alabama currently has sixty-seven counties. The oldest county, Washington, was created on June 4, 1800, when what is now Alabama was then part of the Mississippi Territory. The newest county is Houston, created on February 9, 1903.

In 1820, Alabama had 29 counties. By 1830 there were 36, with Indians still occupying land in northeast and far western Alabama. By 1840, 49 counties had been created; 52 by 1850; 65 by 1870; and the present 67 counties by 1903.
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Elmore County, Alabama History

Elmore County Education, Geography, and HistoryElmore County, Alabama Courthouse

Elmore County is a county of the State of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population was 79,303. Its county seat is Wetumpka. Its name is in honor of General John A. Elmore.

Elmore County is part of the Montgomery, AL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Etymology - Origin of Elmore County Name

It was named for General John Archer Elmore, a veteran of the American Revolution and early settler of Alabama.


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

County History

Elmore County, Alabama

Formed by the Alabama legislature on 1866 Feb. 15, from parts of Autauga, Coosa, Montgomery, and Tallapoosa Counties. It was named for General John Archer Elmore, a veteran of the American Revolution and early settler of Alabama. Elmore County lies in the east-central part of the state. It is drained by the Coosa and the Tallapoosa Rivers, which merge to form the Alabama River a few miles south of Wetumpka. It currently encompasses 622 square miles. The French established Fort Toulouse at the confluence of the Coosa and Tallapoosa in 1717, upon which site Gen. Andrew Jackson erected Fort Jackson in 1814, following the Battle of Horseshoe Bend. Wetumpka is the county seat. Other towns and communities include Eclectic, Tallassee, and Millbrook.


According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 657 square miles (1,700 km2), of which 618 square miles (1,600 km2) is land and 39 square miles (100 km2) (5.9%) is water

Neighboring Counties:

  • Northeast: Tallapoosa County
  • Southeast: Macon County
  • South: Montgomery County
  • West: Autauga County
  • Northwest: Chilton County; Coosa County


The Elmore County Public School System serves the county.

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