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Alabama CountiesAlabama currently has sixty-seven counties. The oldest county, Washington, was created on June
4, 1800, when what is now Alabama was then part of the Mississippi Territory. The newest county is Houston,
created on February 9, 1903.
In 1820, Alabama had 29 counties. By 1830 there were 36, with Indians still occupying land in northeast and far
western Alabama. By 1840, 49 counties had been created; 52 by 1850; 65 by 1870; and the present 67 counties by
Montgomery County, Alabama
Montgomery County History, Geography, and Demographics
County Seat: Montgomery
Year Organized: 1816
Square Miles: 790
P.O. Box 1667
Montgomery, AL 36102-1667
Etymology - Origin of County Name
The county was named in honor of Major Lemuel Putnam Montgomery (Tennessee) who was killed in the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, 1814.
County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick
Montgomery County, Alabama
Formed by the Mississippi Territory General Assembly on 1816 Dec. 6. It is located in the south-central part of the state and is bounded on the north by the Alabama and Tallapoosa Rivers. It encompasses 793 square miles.
The county was named in honor of Major Lemuel Putnam Montgomery (Tennessee) who was killed in the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, 1814. The county seat was established in Montgomery, which was also selected as the state capital in 1846. Other significant communities include Hope Hull, Ramer, Pike Road and Mt. Meigs.
According to the census of 2000, there were 223,510 people, 86,068 households, and 56,804 families living in the county. The population density was 109/km˛ (283/mi˛). There were 95,437 housing units at an average density of 47/km˛ (121/mi˛). The racial makeup of the county was 48.85% White, 48.58% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.99% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. 1.19% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 86,068 households out of which 32.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.80% were married couples living together, 18.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.00% were non-families. 29.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.80% under the age of 18, 11.70% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 20.90% from 45 to 64, and 11.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 90.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.70 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $35,962, and the median income for a family was $44,669. Males had a median income of $32,018 versus $24,921 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,358. About 13.50% of families and 17.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.10% of those under age 18 and 13.70% of that age 65 or over.
- North: Elmore County
- Northeast: Macon County
- Southeast: Bullock County; Pike County
- South: Crenshaw County
- West: Lowndes County
- Northwest: Autauga County
Cities and Towns:
- Montgomery (County Seat)
- Pike Road
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The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define
the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local.
And the names given the counties
, our most locally based jurisdictions,
reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"