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Alabama Counties
Alabama currently has sixty-seven counties. The oldest county, Washington, was created on June 4, 1800, when what is now Alabama was then part of the Mississippi Territory. The newest county is Houston, created on February 9, 1903.

In 1820, Alabama had 29 counties. By 1830 there were 36, with Indians still occupying land in northeast and far western Alabama. By 1840, 49 counties had been created; 52 by 1850; 65 by 1870; and the present 67 counties by 1903.

Pike County, Alabama

Pike County History, Geography, and Demographics

County Seat: Troy
Year Organized: 1821
Square Miles: 671
Court House:

P.O. Box 1147
County Courthouse
Troy, AL 36081-1147

Etymology - Origin of County Name

The county was named for Gen. Zebulon Pike (New Jersey), a soldier in the War of 1812.


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

County History

Pike County, Alabama

Formed on 1821 Dec. 17. The county boundaries changed several times before being set at their current locations in 1866. The county was named for Gen. Zebulon Pike (New Jersey), a soldier in the War of 1812. The first county seat was established at Louisville, later moved to Monticello and finally located in Troy in 1839.

Pike County is located in the southeastern section of the state, in the coastal plain or "Wiregrass" area. It encompasses 672 square miles. A teachers' training college, Troy Normal School, was established in Troy in 1887. Today it exists as Troy State University. Other towns located in the county include Brundidge, Spring Hill and Henderson.

According to the census of 2000, there were 29,605 people, 11,933 households, and 7,649 families living in the county. The population density was 17/km˛ (44/mi˛). There were 13,981 housing units at an average density of 8/km˛ (21/mi˛). The racial makeup of the county was 60.77% White, 36.60% Black or African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 1.35% from two or more races. 1.23% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 11,933 households out of which 29.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.60% were married couples living together, 16.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.90% were non-families. 29.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 15.80% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 21.20% from 45 to 64, and 12.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 89.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,551, and the median income for a family was $34,132. Males had a median income of $27,094 versus $18,758 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,904. About 18.50% of families and 23.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.90% of those under age 18 and 21.90% of that age 65 or over.

Neighboring Counties:

  • Northeast: Bullock County
  • East: Barbour County
  • Southeast: Dale County
  • South: Coffee County
  • West: Crenshaw County
  • Northwest: Montgomery County

Cities and Towns:

- Banks town Incorporated Area
- Brundidge city Incorporated Area
- Goshen town Incorporated Area
- Troy (County Seat) city Incorporated Area

County Resources:

Enter County Resources and Information Here

County Resources
Counties: US Map
The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"