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Alabama Counties
Alabama currently has sixty-seven counties. The oldest county, Washington, was created on June 4, 1800, when what is now Alabama was then part of the Mississippi Territory. The newest county is Houston, created on February 9, 1903.

In 1820, Alabama had 29 counties. By 1830 there were 36, with Indians still occupying land in northeast and far western Alabama. By 1840, 49 counties had been created; 52 by 1850; 65 by 1870; and the present 67 counties by 1903.

Randolph County, Alabama

Randolph County History, Geography, and Demographics

County Seat: Wedowee
Year Organized: 1832
Square Miles: 581
Court House:

P.O. Box 249
County Courthouse
Wedowee, AL 36278-0249

Etymology - Origin of County Name

The county is named for John Randolph, a former Virginia statesman.


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

County History

Randolph County, Alabama

Formed by an act of the Alabama General Assembly on 18 Dec. 1832, from former Creek Indian territory. It is located in the eastern-central part of the state, in the Piedmont plateau. It encompasses 585 square miles.

The county is named for John Randolph, a former Virginia statesman. The county seat was established in Wedowee in 1834-35. Other towns of note include Roanoke, Rock Mills and Wadley.

According to the census of 2000, there were 22,380 people, 8,642 households, and 6,222 families living in the county. The population density was 15/km˛ (38/mi˛). There were 10,285 housing units at an average density of 7/km˛ (18/mi˛). The racial makeup of the county was 76.38% White, 22.24% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.34% from other races, and 0.62% from two or more races. 1.22% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,642 households out of which 31.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.20% were married couples living together, 12.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.00% were non-families. 25.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.10% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 15.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,675, and the median income for a family was $34,684. Males had a median income of $27,069 versus $20,323 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,147. About 12.60% of families and 17.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.10% of those under age 18 and 14.80% of that age 65 or over.

Neighboring Counties:

  • North: Cleburne County
  • Northeast: Carroll County, Ga.
  • East: Heard County, Ga.
  • Southeast: Troup County, Ga.
  • South: Chambers County
  • Southwest: Tallapoosa County
  • West: Clay County

Cities and Towns:

- Goldville town Incorporated Area
- Roanoke city Incorporated Area
- Wadley town Incorporated Area
- Wedowee (County Seat) town Incorporated Area
- Woodland town Incorporated Area

County Resources:

Enter County Resources and Information Here

County Resources
Counties: US Map
The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"