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Alabama Counties
Alabama currently has sixty-seven counties. The oldest county, Washington, was created on June 4, 1800, when what is now Alabama was then part of the Mississippi Territory. The newest county is Houston, created on February 9, 1903.

In 1820, Alabama had 29 counties. By 1830 there were 36, with Indians still occupying land in northeast and far western Alabama. By 1840, 49 counties had been created; 52 by 1850; 65 by 1870; and the present 67 counties by 1903.

Russell County, Alabama

Russell County History, Geography, and Demographics

County Seat: Phenix City
Year Organized: 1832
Square Miles: 641
Court House:

P.O. Box 969
Phenix City, AL 36868-0969

Etymology - Origin of County Name

The county is named for Col. Gilbert C. Russell of Mobile, a US military officer who fought in the Creek Wars.


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

County History

Russell County, Alabama

Formed by an act of the Alabama General Assembly on 18 Dec. 1832, from former Creek Indian territory. It is located in the south-central eastern part of the state and is bounded on the east by the Chattahoochee River and the State of Georgia. Russell County encompasses 634 square miles.

The county is named for Col. Gilbert C. Russell of Mobile, a US military officer who fought in the Creek Wars. The first county seat was established at Girard. The county seat was moved to Seale in 1868 and to Phenix City in the 1930s. Other towns of note include Fort Mitchell and Hurtsboro.

According to the census of 2000, there were 49,756 people, 19,741 households, and 13,423 families living in the county. The population density was 30/km˛ (78/mi˛). There were 22,831 housing units at an average density of 14/km˛ (36/mi˛). The racial makeup of the county was 56.69% White, 40.84% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 1.07% from two or more races. 1.50% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 19,741 households out of which 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.40% were married couples living together, 18.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.00% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.50% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 91.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,492, and the median income for a family was $34,004. Males had a median income of $28,696 versus $20,882 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,015. About 16.80% of families and 19.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.50% of those under age 18 and 19.30% of that age 65 or over.

Neighboring Counties:

  • Northeast: Muscogee County, Ga.
  • East: Chattahoochee County, Ga.
  • Southeast: Stewart County, Ga.
  • Southwest: Barbour County; Bullock County
  • West: Macon County
  • Northwest: Lee County

Cities and Towns:

- Hurtsboro town Incorporated Area
- Phenix City (County Seat) city Incorporated Area

County Resources:

Enter County Resources and Information Here

County Resources
Counties: US Map
The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"