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Russell County is a county of the state of Alabama. Based on the 2010 census, the
population was 52,947. Russell County was
created on December 18, 1832 in the Creek Cession of 1832, from
former Creek Indian territory. The county seat is Phenix City.
The county name is in honor of Colonel Gilbert C. Russell, who fought in the wars against the Creek Indians.
Russell County is part of the Columbus, GA-AL Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The county is named for Col. Gilbert C. Russell of Mobile, a US military officer who fought in the Creek Wars.
County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts
Russell county was formed by an act of the Alabama General Assembly on December 18, 1832, from former Creek Indian territory. The county is located in the south-central eastern part of the state and is bounded on the east by the Chattahoochee River and the State of Georgia. Russell County encompasses 634 square miles.
The county is named for Colonel Gilbert C. Russell of Mobile, a US military officer who fought in the Creek Wars. The first county seat was established at Girard. The county seat was moved to Seale in 1868 and to Phenix City in the 1930s. Other towns of note include Fort Mitchell and Hurtsboro.
As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 647 square miles (1,680 km2), of which 641 square miles (1,660 km2) is land and 6.1 square miles (16 km2) (0.9%) is water.
The Chattahoochee River runs along the county's eastern border, and
the river's many tributaries fan out through the entire county. Because
the Chattahoochee River is one of the most dammed rivers in the
southeast, its physical and biological systems have been severely
altered over the last half century. The overall biological diversity of
the river has declined, and several fish and mussel species are at risk.
Bordering counties are as follows: