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Alabama Counties

Alabama currently has sixty-seven counties. The oldest county, Washington, was created on June 4, 1800, when what is now Alabama was then part of the Mississippi Territory. The newest county is Houston, created on February 9, 1903.

In 1820, Alabama had 29 counties. By 1830 there were 36, with Indians still occupying land in northeast and far western Alabama. By 1840, 49 counties had been created; 52 by 1850; 65 by 1870; and the present 67 counties by 1903.
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Russell County, Alabama History

Russell County Education, Geography, and HistoryRussell County, Alabama Courthouse

Russell County is a county of the state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population was 52,947. Its county seat is Phenix City. Its name is in honor of Colonel Gilbert C. Russell, who fought in the wars against the Creek Indians.

Russell County is part of the Columbus, GA-AL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Etymology - Origin of Russell County Name

The county is named for Col. Gilbert C. Russell of Mobile, a US military officer who fought in the Creek Wars.


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County History

Russell County, Alabama

Formed by an act of the Alabama General Assembly on 18 Dec. 1832, from former Creek Indian territory. It is located in the south-central eastern part of the state and is bounded on the east by the Chattahoochee River and the State of Georgia. Russell County encompasses 634 square miles.

The county is named for Col. Gilbert C. Russell of Mobile, a US military officer who fought in the Creek Wars. The first county seat was established at Girard. The county seat was moved to Seale in 1868 and to Phenix City in the 1930s. Other towns of note include Fort Mitchell and Hurtsboro.


According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 647 square miles (1,680 km2), of which 641 square miles (1,660 km2) is land and 6.1 square miles (16 km2) (0.9%) is water

Neighboring Counties:

  • Northeast: Muscogee County, Ga.
  • East: Chattahoochee County, Ga.
  • Southeast: Stewart County, Ga.
  • Southwest: Barbour County; Bullock County
  • West: Macon County
  • Northwest: Lee County


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