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Alabama Counties

Alabama currently has sixty-seven counties. The oldest county, Washington, was created on June 4, 1800, when what is now Alabama was then part of the Mississippi Territory. The newest county is Houston, created on February 9, 1903.

In 1820, Alabama had 29 counties. By 1830 there were 36, with Indians still occupying land in northeast and far western Alabama. By 1840, 49 counties had been created; 52 by 1850; 65 by 1870; and the present 67 counties by 1903.


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Sumter County, Alabama

Sumter County History, Geography, and Demographics

County Seat: Livingston
Year Organized: 1832
Square Miles: 905
Court House:

P.O. Box 70
County Courthouse
Livingston, AL 35470-0070

Etymology - Origin of County Name

It was named for Gen. Thomas Sumter of South Carolina.

Demographics:

County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

County History

Sumter County, Alabama


Formed in Dec. 18, 1832 and former known as Choctaw Indian territory. It was named for Gen. Thomas Sumter of South Carolina. The county is located in the west-central part of the state, bordering the State of Mississippi to the west and the Tombigbee River to the east. Sumter County encompasses 907 square miles.

The county seat was established at Livingston in 1833. The Livingston State Normal School was established in 1883. Livingston is now the home of the University of West Alabama. Other towns in Sumter County include York, Cuba and Bellamy.

According to the census of 2000, there were 14,798 people, 5,708 households, and 3,664 families living in the county. The population density was 6/km˛ (16/mi˛). There were 6,953 housing units at an average density of 3/km˛ (8/mi˛). The racial makeup of the county was 25.92% White, 73.17% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. 1.12% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,708 households out of which 31.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.70% were married couples living together, 23.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.80% were non-families. 31.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.26.

In the county the population was spread out with 29.10% under the age of 18, 12.20% from 18 to 24, 25.30% from 25 to 44, 19.50% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 84.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $18,911, and the median income for a family was $23,176. Males had a median income of $28,059 versus $17,574 for females. The per capita income for the county was $11,491. About 32.90% of families and 38.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 47.40% of those under age 18 and 36.10% of that age 65 or over.

Neighboring Counties:

  • North: Pickens County
  • Northeast: Greene County
  • Southeast: Marengo County
  • South: Choctaw County
  • Southwest: Lauderdale County, Miss.
  • Northwest: Kemper County, Miss.; Noxubee County, Miss.
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County Resources
Counties: US Map
The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"


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