California CountiesThe U.S. state of California is divided into fifty-eight counties. On January 4, 1850, the California constitutional committee recommended the formation of 18 counties. They were Benicia, Butte, Fremont, Los Angeles, Mariposa, Monterey, Mount Diablo, Oro, Redding, Sacramento, San Diego, San Francisco, San Joaquin, San Jose, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Sonoma, and Sutter. On April 22, the Counties of Branciforte, Calaveras, Coloma, Colusi, Marin, Mendocino, Napa, Trinity, and Yuba were added. Benicia was renamed Solano, Coloma to El Dorado, Fremont to Yola, Mt. Diablo to Contra Costa, San Jose to Santa Clara, Oro to Tuolumne, and Redding to Shasta. One of the first state legislative acts regarding Counties was to rename Branciforte County to Santa Cruz, Colusi to Colusa, and Yola to Yolo.
The last California county to have been established is Imperial County in 1907.
Madera County, California
Madera County History, Geography, and Demographics
Etymology - Origin of County Name
Created 1893, from a portion of Fresno County lying north of the San Joaquin River. Madera in Spanish signified "timber." The county derived its name from the town of Madera, named when the California Lumber Company built a flume to carry lumber to the railroad there in 1876.
County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts
Madera County was formed in 1893 from parts of Fresno County
"Madera" is the Spanish word for "lumber", the first industry in the County. Part of the historic Sugar Pine Railroad
remains as a tourist attraction. A huge flume once ran from the high Sierra Forest area down to Madera. One of the
engineering marvels of early California, its history is preserved in articles and photos in the County Museum located in
the beautiful old granite Courthouse in Madera. A replica of a section of the flume is on display. The Raymond Granite
Company quarry supplies granite for some of the nation's outstanding public edifices. The mountain area is rich in the
history of the 1859 California Gold Rush towns, with such names as Coarsegold, Finegold, Grub Gulch, Ahwahnee and
Nipinnawassee. Panning for gold is still popular for both fun and profit. In 1855, a portion of Madera County separated
from Mariposa County when Fresno became a County and in 1856, the rest of Madera separated from Mariposa County and
became a County.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,153 square miles (5,577 kmē),
of which, 2,136 square miles (5,532 kmē) of it is land and 17 square miles (45 kmē) of it is water. The
total area is 0.81% water.
Cities and Towns:
Enter County Resources and Information Here
The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"