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Florida Counties
In 1821, there were only two Counties in Florida: Escambia to the west and St. Johns to the east. From these two Counties were formed 67 today.In 1968, the electors of Florida granted local voters the power to adopt charters to govern their counties. Charters are formal written documents that confer powers, duties, or privileges on the county. To date, there are 19 charter Counties in Florida. Collectively these Counties are home to more than 75 percent of Florida's residents.

Columbia County, Florida

Columbia County History, Geography, and Demographics

County Seat: Lake City
Year Organized: 1832
Square Miles: 797
Court House:

P.O. Box 1529
County Courthouse
Lake City, FL 32056-1529

Etymology - Origin of County Name

Christopher Columbus. Columbia is a New Latin neologism, based on the surname of the discoverer Christopher Columbus.


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

County History

Columbia County was established on February 04, 1832 from a portion of Alachua County, as the fifteenth county in Florida. Columbia County was named in the honor of Christopher Columbus. In 1858 Suwannee County was cut from a portion of Columbia County. The County Seat for Columbia County, is Lake City, Florida. Lake City was once the location of a large village established by none other than the famous explorer, Hernando DeSoto. The area now known as Lake City, was in the early days known as Halpata Telofa, which may have come from the name of a chief of an Indian Village that was also, at one time, found in the area known today as Lake City. The chief's name was Halpatter Tustenuggee, said to mean "Alligator."


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 801 square miles (2,075 km˛), of which, 797 square miles (2,064 km˛) of it is land and 4 square miles (10 km˛) of it (0.50%) is water.

Neighboring Counties:

  • North: Clinch County, Ga.; Ware County, Ga.
  • Northeast: Baker County
  • Southeast: Union County; Alachua County
  • Southwest: Gilchrist County
  • West: Suwannee County
  • Northwest: Hamilton County; Echols County, Ga.

Cities and Towns:

- Fort White town Incorporated Area
- Lake City (County Seat) city Incorporated Area

County Resources:

Enter County Resources and Information Here

County Resources
Counties: US Map
The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"