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In 1821, there were only two Counties in Florida: Escambia to the west and St. Johns to the east. From these two Counties were formed 67 today.In 1968, the electors of Florida granted local voters the power to adopt charters to govern their counties. Charters are formal written documents that confer powers, duties, or privileges on the county. To date, there are 19 charter Counties in Florida. Collectively these Counties are home to more than 75 percent of Florida's residents.
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Columbia County, Florida

Columbia County Education, Geography, and HistoryColumbia County, Florida Courthouse

Columbia County is a county located in the state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 67,531. Its county seat is Lake City.

Columbia County comprises the Lake City, FL Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Gainesville-Lake City, FL Combined Statistical Area.

Etymology - Origin of Columbia County Name

Christopher Columbus. Columbia is a New Latin neologism, based on the surname of the discoverer Christopher Columbus.


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

County History

Columbia County was established on February 04, 1832 from a portion of Alachua County, as the fifteenth county in Florida. Columbia County was named in the honor of Christopher Columbus. In 1858 Suwannee County was cut from a portion of Columbia County. The County Seat for Columbia County, is Lake City, Florida. Lake City was once the location of a large village established by none other than the famous explorer, Hernando DeSoto. The area now known as Lake City, was in the early days known as Halpata Telofa, which may have come from the name of a chief of an Indian Village that was also, at one time, found in the area known today as Lake City. The chief's name was Halpatter Tustenuggee, said to mean "Alligator."


According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 801 square miles (2,075 km2), of which, 797 square miles (2,064 km2) of it is land and 4 square miles (10 km2) of it (0.50%) is water.

Neighboring Counties:

  • North: Clinch County, Ga.; Ware County, Ga.
  • Northeast: Baker County
  • Southeast: Union County; Alachua County
  • Southwest: Gilchrist County
  • West: Suwannee County
  • Northwest: Hamilton County; Echols County, Ga.


The Columbia County School District operates public schools.

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