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Florida Counties
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Florida Counties

There are sixty-seven counties in the state of Florida. In 1821, there were only two Counties in Florida: Escambia to the west and St. Johns to the east. From these two Counties were formed 67 today. Its last county was created in 1925 with the formation of Gilchrist County from a segment of Alachua County.

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Florida Counties: History and Information

Find a brief history of Florida CountiesBrief history of Florida Counties: Flags of Our Nation

Florida is a state of the southeast United States bordering on the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. It was admitted as the 27th state on 3 March 1845. The peninsula was explored by Juan Ponce de Leon in 1513 and became the center of a Spanish settlement that included the southeast part of the present-day United States. Spain finally ceded the area in 1819. Tallahassee is the capital and Jacksonville the largest city.

There are 67 counties in the state of Florida. It became a territory of the US in 1821 with two counties complementing the provincial divisions retained as a Spanish territory: Escambia to the west and St. Johns to the east, divided by the Suwanee River. All of the other counties were apportioned from these two original counties. Florida became the 27th US state in 1845, and its last county was created in 1925 with the formation of Gilchrist County from a segment of Alachua County. Florida's counties are subdivisions of the state government. In 1968, counties gained the power to develop their own charters. All but two of Florida's county seats are incorporated municipalities. The exceptions are Crawfordville, county seat of rural Wakulla County, and East Naples, located outside Naples city limits in Collier County.

The names of Florida's counties reflect its diverse cultural heritage. Some are named for Southern political leaders and Spanish explorers, marking the influence of Spanish sovereignty, while others are named for Spanish saints, Native American place names used by the Spanish, and political leaders of the United States. Natural features of the region, including rivers, lakes, and flora, are also commonly used for county names. Florida has counties named for participants on both sides of Second Seminole War: Miami-Dade County is partially named for Francis L. Dade, a Major in the US Army at the time; Osceola County is named for a Native American resistance leader during the war.

Find a brief history of Florida Counties
County 2000
Population
Square
Miles
County Seat Created
Alachua County 217,955 874 Gainesville 1824
Baker County 22,259 585 Macclenny 1861
Bay County 148,217 764 Panama City 1913
Bradford County 26,088 293 Starke 1858
Brevard County 476,230 1,018 Titusville 1844
Broward County 1,623,018 1,209 Fort Lauderdale 1915
Calhoun County 13,017 567 Blountstown 1838
Charlotte County 141,627 694 Punta Gorda 1921
Citrus County 118,085 584 Inverness 1887
Clay County 140,814 601 Green Cove Springs 1858
Collier County 251,377 2,026 Naples 1923
Columbia County 56,513 797 Lake City 1832
DeSoto County 32,209 637 Arcadia 1887
Dixie County 13,827 704 Cross City 1921
Duval County/City of Jacksonville 778,879 774 Jacksonville 1822
Escambia County 294,410 664 Pensacola 1822
Flagler County 49,832 485 Bunnell 1917
Franklin County 11,057 534 Apalachicola 1832
Gadsden County 45,087 516 Quincy 1823
Gilchrist County 14,437 349 Trenton 1925
Glades County 10,576 774 Moore Haven 1921
Gulf County 13,332 565 Port Saint Joe 1925
Hamilton County 13,327 515 Jasper 1827
Hardee County 26,938 637 Wauchula 1921
Hendry County 36,210 1,153 La Belle 1923
Hernando County 130,802 478 Brooksville 1843
Highlands County 87,366 1,028 Sebring 1921
Hillsborough County 998,948 1,051 Tampa 1834
Holmes County 18,564 482 Bonifay 1848
Indian River County 112,947 503 Vero Beach 1925
Jackson County 46,755 916 Marianna 1822
Jefferson County 12,902 598 Monticello 1827
Lafayette County 7,022 543 Mayo 1856
Lake County 210,528 953 Tavares 1887
Lee County 440,888 804 Fort Myers 1887
Leon County 239,452 667 Tallahassee 1824
Levy County 34,450 1,118 Bronson 1845
Liberty County 7,021 836 Bristol 1855
Madison County 18,733 692 Madison 1827
Manatee County 264,002 741 Bradenton 1855
Marion County 258,916 1,579 Ocala 1844
Martin County 126,731 556 Stuart 1925
Miami-Dade County 2,253,362 1,945 Miami 1836
Monroe County 79,589 997 Key West 1823
Nassau County 57,663 652 Fernandina Beach 1824
Okaloosa County 170,498 936 Crestview 1915
Okeechobee County 35,910 774 Okeechobee 1917
Orange County 896,344 908 Orlando 1824
Osceola County 172,493 1,322 Kissimmee 1887
Palm Beach County 1,131,184 2,034 West Palm Beach 1909
Pasco County 344,765 745 Dade City 1887
Pinellas County 921,482 280 Clearwater 1911
Polk County 483,924 1,875 Bartow 1861
Putnam County 70,423 722 Palatka 1849
Santa Rosa County 117,743 1,016 Milton 1842
Sarasota County 325,957 572 Sarasota 1921
Seminole County 365,196 308 Sanford 1913
St. Johns County 123,135 609 Saint Augustine 1822
St. Lucie County 192,695 572 Fort Pierce 1844
Sumter County 53,345 546 Bushnell 1853
Suwannee County 34,844 688 Live Oak 1858
Taylor County 19,256 1,042 Perry 1856
Union County 13,442 240 Lake Butler 1921
Volusia County 443,343 1,106 De Land 1854
Wakulla County 22,863 607 Crawfordville 1843
Walton County 40,601 1,058 Defuniak Springs 1824
Washington County 20,973 580 Chipley 1825
County Resources
US Counties
Names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"
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