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In 1821, there were only two Counties in Florida: Escambia to the west and St. Johns to the east. From these two Counties were formed 67 today.In 1968, the electors of Florida granted local voters the power to adopt charters to govern their counties. Charters are formal written documents that confer powers, duties, or privileges on the county. To date, there are 19 charter Counties in Florida. Collectively these Counties are home to more than 75 percent of Florida's residents.

Escambia County, Florida

Escambia County History, Geography, and Demographics

County Seat: Pensacola
Year Organized: 1822
Square Miles: 664
Court House:

P.O. Box 1591
County Courthouse
Pensacola, FL 32591-1591

Etymology - Origin of County Name

Escambia River and Spanish for "barter" or "exchange."


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

County History

Escambia County was created in 1821. Escambia County was created by the Territorial Legislature on July 22, 1821 to be Florida’s first county, a distinction it shares with St. John’s County. It was named for the Escambia River, whose name in turn comes from a Spanish word for "barter" or "exchange." Escambia County and St. Johns County were Florida's original two counties with the Suwannee River being the boundary between the two

America’s history begins right here. A half-century before the arrival of the Pilgrims at Plymouth, the original residents of Escambia County—the Creek and Poarch Indians—were on hand for the first landing of Europeans anywhere on the American mainland. Over the course of the next 400 years, the flags of five nations flew over this area on one or more occasions.

More at

History of Escambia County


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 876 square miles (2,268 kmē).662 square miles (1,715 kmē) of it is land and 213 square miles (552 kmē) of it (24.35%) is water.

The county includes the island of Santa Rosa, which is separate from Santa Rosa County proper.

Neighboring Counties:

  • North: Escambia County, Ala.
  • East: Santa Rosa County
  • South: Gulf of Mexico
  • West: Baldwin County, Ala.

Cities and Towns:

- Century town Incorporated Area
- Pensacola (County Seat) city Incorporated Area

County Resources:

Enter County Resources and Information Here

County Resources
Counties: US Map
The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"