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In 1821, there were only two Counties in Florida: Escambia to the west and St. Johns to the east. From these two Counties were formed 67 today.In 1968, the electors of Florida granted local voters the power to adopt charters to govern their counties. Charters are formal written documents that confer powers, duties, or privileges on the county. To date, there are 19 charter Counties in Florida. Collectively these Counties are home to more than 75 percent of Florida's residents.
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Escambia County, Florida

Escambia County Education, Geography, and HistoryEscambia County, Florida Courthouse

Escambia County is the westernmost county in the state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 297,619. Its county seat is Pensacola and the County Administrator is Jack Brown.

Escambia County is included in the Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area. The county population has continued to increase as the suburbs of Pensacola and other cities have developed.

Etymology - Origin of Escambia County Name

Escambia River and Spanish for "barter" or "exchange."


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

County History

Escambia County was created in 1821. Escambia County was created by the Territorial Legislature on July 22, 1821 to be Florida’s first county, a distinction it shares with St. John’s County. It was named for the Escambia River, whose name in turn comes from a Spanish word for "barter" or "exchange." Escambia County and St. Johns County were Florida's original two counties with the Suwannee River being the boundary between the two

America’s history begins right here. A half-century before the arrival of the Pilgrims at Plymouth, the original residents of Escambia County—the Creek and Poarch Indians—were on hand for the first landing of Europeans anywhere on the American mainland. Over the course of the next 400 years, the flags of five nations flew over this area on one or more occasions.

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History of Escambia County


According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 876 square miles (2,268 km2).662 square miles (1,715 km2) of it is land and 213 square miles (552 km2) of it (24.35%) is water.

The county includes the island of Santa Rosa, which is separate from Santa Rosa County proper.

Neighboring Counties:

  • North: Escambia County, Ala.
  • East: Santa Rosa County
  • South: Gulf of Mexico
  • West: Baldwin County, Ala.


Public primary and secondary education schools in Pensacola are administered by the Escambia County School District.

The University of West Florida and Pensacola State College, as well as Pensacola Christian College, are located in Escambia County.

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