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Neosho County is a county located in the south east of the state of Kansas. Based on the 2010 census, the county population was 16,512. Dorn County was created on August 25, 1855 and the name was changed to Neosho County on June 03, 1861. The county seat is Erie. The county is named for the Neosho River, which passes through the county.
The county was originally called Dorn (see Labette), and changed in 1861 to Neosho, after the river which traverses the county from northwest to southeast. The name was given to the river by the Osages.
County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts
Neosho County, in the southeastern part of the state, is located in the second tier of counties from Missouri, and the second from Oklahoma on the south. It is bounded on the north by Allen county; on the east by Bourbon and Crawford; on the south by Labette, and on the west by Wilson. It was
founded from the northern part of Dorn county (q. v.), which was changed to Neosho, by the first state territorial legislature in 1861. The actual organization of the county was in 1864. In 1866 the boundaries were fixed to include the territory of what is now Neosho and Labette counties. In 1867 it
was diminished by the territory included in Labette county. It took its present boundaries in 1870.
The lands of Neosho county were occupied by the Osage Indians until the treaty of 1865, and were known as the "Osage Ceded Lands."
As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 578 square miles (1,500 km2), of which 571 square miles (1,480 km2) is land and 6.3 square miles (16 km2) (1.1%) is water.
Neosho county is located in east Kansas. The county of Neosho is a gently rolling prairie, about 20 per cent. bottom land, which is along the Neosho river. There is an plenty of native timber. The Neosho, the principal stream, enters in the northeast and flows southwest through the county. Limestone and sandstone of a excellent quality are found in abundance. A stone resembling black marble has been found near Erie. Brick clay is abundant.
Bordering counties are as follows:
Erie-Galesburg USD 101 serves the communities of Erie, Galesburg, Stark.
Cherokee USD 247 serves primarily portions of Crawford and Cherokee counties, but also includes small portions of Labette and Neosho counties.
Chanute USD 413
Chetopa-St. Paul USD 505
Cherryvale-Thayer USD 447