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Michigan Counties

The boundaries of the eighty-three counties in Michigan have not changed substantially since 1897. Wayne County was the sixth county in the Northwest Territory, formed 15 August 1796 and organized in 1815. Wayne County was created 21 November 1815 as an original county of Michigan.

Oscoda County, Michigan

Oscoda County Education, Geography, and HistoryOscoda County, Michigan Courthouse

Oscoda County is a county located in the state of Michigan. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 8,640, making it the fifth-least populous county in Michigan. The county seat is Mio. The county was founded in 1840 and organized in 1881. The name is a Henry Schoolcraft neologism thought to be a combination of two Ojibwa words, "ossin" (stone) and "muskoda" (prairie) - hence 'pebbly prairie.'

Etymology - Origin of Oscoda County Name

Oscoda County was a name created by Henry Schoolcraft thought to be a combination of two Ojibwa words, "ossin" (stone) and "muskoda" (prairie) - hence 'pebbly prairie.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Oscoda County History

Oscoda County was a name created by Henry Schoolcraft thought to be a combination of two Ojibwa words, "ossin" (stone) and "muskoda" (prairie) - hence 'pebbly prairie.

Set Off: 1840

Organized: 1881

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 572 square miles (1,480 km2), of which 566 square miles (1,470 km2) is land and 5.9 square miles (15 km2) (1.0%) is water. Oscoda County is part of Northern Michigan.

Geographic features

Mio is situated in the Au Sable River Valley.
The County is surrounded by the Huron National Forest and the Rifle River State Recreation Area.
The County is part of the Au Sable State Forest, specifically the
Grayling FMU (Alcona, Crawford, Oscoda, and northern Iosco counties).
Much of the area sits on the "Grayling outwash plain", a unique habitat.
The Oscoda County Park offers a good vantage point.
Glaciers shaped the area, creating a unique regional ecosystem. A large portion of the area is the so-called Grayling outwash plain, which consists of broad outwash plain including sandy ice-disintegration ridges; jack pine barrens, some white pine-red pine forest, and northern hardwood forest. Large lakes were created by glacial action

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Montmorency County - north
  • Alpena County - northeast
  • Alcona County - east
  • Iosco County - southeast
  • Ogemaw County - south
  • Roscommon County - southwest
  • Crawford County - west
  • Otsego County - northwest


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