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New York Counties

There are 62 counties in the State of New York. The first twelve counties in New York were created immediately after the British annexation of the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam, although two of these counties have since been abolished. The most recent county formation in New York was in 1912, when Bronx County was created from the portions of New York City that had been annexed from Westchester County. New York's counties are named for a variety of Native American words, British provinces, cities, and royalty, early American statesmen and generals, and state politicians.
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Herkimer County, New York

Herkimer County Education, Geography, and History

County Seat: Herkimer
Year Organized: 1791
Square Miles: 1,412
Court House:

109 Mary Street, Suite 1310
County Office Building
Herkimer, NY 13350-1998

Etymology - Origin of County Name

Named in honor of General Nicholas Herkimer, who died of wounds received at the battle of Oriskany in 1777


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

County History

This county was formed from Montgomery, Feb. 16, 1791. Onondaga was taken off in 1794, Oneida and a part of Chenango in 1798; the present territory of Hamilton co. was taken off and annexed to Montgomery in 1797; parts of Montgomery co. were annexed April 7, 1817; and parts of Richfield and Plainfield, Otsego co., were annexed in forming Winfield in 1816. It is centrally distant 80 mi. from Albany, and contains 1,745 sq. mi.

Agriculture forms the leading pursuit. The hilly character of the surface particularly adapts this co. to pasturage; and dairying has long been the leading branch of industry. Hops are largely produced. At Little Falls, and a few other localities, considerable manufacturing is carried on.

The county seat is located at the village of Herkimer. The courthouse is a fine brick building fronting Main St., near the center of the village. The jail is a stone building, on the opposite side of the st. from the courthouse. The clerk's office is a fireproof brick building, upon the courthouse lot, fronting Court St. The poorhouse is located upon a farm of 65 acres 6-1/2 mi. N. of the courthouse. The average number of inmates is 130, supported at a weekly cost of $1.30 each. The farm yields a revenue of about $700. A school is taught about 6 months in the year. The institution is in good condition and seems to be well managed. The works of internal improvement within the co. are the Erie Canal and the N. Y. Central R. R., both extending along the valley of the Mohawk. [Extracted from "Gazetteer of the State of New York", by J. H. French, 1860, the section on Herkimer County.

Herkimer County, founded in 1791, once covered a vast section of New York State - eleven counties! It could appropriately be called the "Mother of the Empire State's Heart Section." Full History at NYSAC


Herkimer County is in central New York State, northwest of Albany, and east of Syracuse. The northern part of the county is in the Adirondack Park. The Mohawk River flows across the south part of the county.

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,458 square miles (3,777 km2), of which, 1,411 square miles (3,655 km2) of it is land and 47 square miles (122 km2) of it (3.23%) is water.

Neighboring Counties:

  • St. Lawrence County, New York - north
  • Hamilton County, New York - east
  • Montgomery County, New York - east
  • Fulton County, New York - east
  • Otsego County, New York - south
  • Oneida County, New York - west
  • Lewis County, New York - northwest New York


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