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Tennessee Counties

There are ninety-five counties in the State of Tennessee. The oldest county is Washington County, founded in 1777. The most recently formed county is Chester County (1879)

Hardeman County, Tennessee

Hardeman County Education, Geography, and History

Hardeman County, Tennessee Courthouse

Hardeman County is a county located in the state of Tennessee. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 27,253. Its county seat is Bolivar.

Etymology - Origin of County Name

Named in honor of Thomas Jones Hardeman (1788- 1854), Creek War and War of 1812 soldier, prominent figure in the fight for Texas independence and Republic of Texas Congressman.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

History of Hardeman County

Created 1823 from Hardin County and Indian lands; named in honor of Thomas Jones Hardeman (1788- 1854), Creek War and War of 1812 soldier, prominent figure in the fight for Texas independence and Republic of Texas Congressman.

Hardeman County was formed in 1823 from Hardin County and Indian lands. (Private Acts of Tennessee 1823, Chapter 108).

There was a fire at the Hardeman County courthouse in 1864.

Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture
Located in the upper plateaus of southwestern Tennessee near the headwaters of the Big Hatchie River, Hardeman County has an area of 655 square miles. The county was formed from the Jackson Purchase and attached to Hardin County, then to Madison County, before the Tennessee General Assembly created Hardeman County in 1823. The county was named in honor of Colonel Thomas Hardeman, a veteran of the War of 1812 who served as the first county court clerk. He was commissioner of the town of Bolivar before moving to Texas in 1835.

Settlement of the county began almost immediately, with most settlers migrating from Middle Tennessee, Virginia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Kentucky. Among the early settlers were Ezekiel Polk, the grandfather of President James K. Polk, and his son and son-in-law, William Polk and Thomas McNeal, and Rufus P. Neely, the grandson of Thomas Hardeman.

The county seat was established first on Hatchie River and named Hatchie Town. In April 1824 the commissioners chose the present site on land offered by William Ramsey and called the town Bolivar in honor of the South American patriot Simon Bolivar. The town was incorporated in 1847 and was governed by a mayor, recorder, and five aldermen. Find more from the Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture: HARDEMAN COUNTY

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 670 square miles (1,736 km2), of which, 668 square miles (1,729 km2) of it is land and 3 square miles (7 km2) of it is water. The total area is 0.42% water.

Chickasaw State Park is partially located in Hardeman County.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Madison County (north)
  • Chester County (northeast)
  • McNairy County (east)
  • Alcorn County, Mississippi (southeast)
  • Tippah County, Mississippi (south)
  • Benton County, Mississippi (southwest)
  • Fayette County (west)
  • Haywood County (northwest)


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