Tennessee Almanac furnishes quick facts and figures on the state, its history and geography; largest and smallest counties, largest cities; climate and weather, temperature, highest, lowest, and mean temperatures; elevations, lowest, highest elevations; total area, land area and water area, state forest and park areas; bordering states, electoral votes, number of senators and representatives to the US Congress, and other statistical data.
Use this almanac of Tennessee for information on local issues, politics, events, celebrations, people and business pertaining to the state of Tennessee that can be found online.
Tennessee is one of the East South Central states of the US. The state of Tennessee covers a total area of 42,143 square miles (109,247 square kilometers) and its neighboring states are Kentucky, North Carolina, Virginia, Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, Missouri, and Arkansas, making a total of eight border states, the highest number of any other state (tied with Missouri). Tennessee was named after the Little Tennessee River. Originally "Tanasi" the river took its name from two Cherokee villages on its banks.
The state is now predominantly industrial; the majority of its population lives in urban areas. Among the most important products are chemicals,
textiles, apparel, electrical machinery, furniture, and leather goods. Other lines include food processing, lumber, primary metals, and metal products.
The state ranks high in the production of marble, zinc, pyrite, and ball clay.
Tennessee's largest crop is soybean, contributing about 11% to the state's total agricultural receipts. The state is also a leading tobacco producer. Other farming income is derived from livestock and dairy products, as well as greenhouse and nursery products and cotton.
Tennessee Almanac: Facts on the State of Tennessee
|Nicknames||Volunteer State ...and more|
|Motto||Agriculture and commerce|
|36.17155 N, 086.78482 W
|Statehood||June 01, 1796
138.02 sq. mi.
|10 largest cities (2010est.): Memphis, 646,889; Nashville-Davidson,1 626,681; Knoxville, 178,874; Chattanooga, 167,674; Clarksville, 132,939; Murfreesboro, 108,755; Jackson, 65,211; Johnson City, 63,152; Franklin, 62,487; Bartlett, 54,613|
|Bordering States||North: Kentucky and Virginia
East: North Carolina
South: Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi
West: Arkansas and Missouri (Mississippi River forms the Western boundary)
|Major Industry||mining (coal), electrical power, enriched uranium production, music, automobile manufacturing, farming (tobacco, cattle, soybeans, cotton), walking horses, tourism|
|Major Rivers||Tennessee River, Mississippi River, Cumberland River, Clinch River, Duck River|
|Major Lakes||Kentucky Lake, Norris Lake, Chickamauga Lake, Cherokee Lake, Tims Ford Reservoir|
|Tennessee Counties||95 Counties in Tennessee|
755 sq. mi.
|State forests||15 (162,371 ac.)|
755 sq. mi.
|US Congress||2 Senators; 9 Representatives|
|Time Zone||Central Standard Time|
|State Quick Facts||Census Bureau Quick Facts|
Tennessee Climate and Weather
|Tennessee tends to be hot and humid in the summer,
though the higher you go into the mountains, the cooler it gets. Temperatures range 66-90 F/19-32 C June-August, but the humidity climbs with them.
Expect thunderstorms in summer, especially in July in the Smoky Mountains. The Smokies are comfortably warm on summer days with cool nights.
Spring and autumn see cooler temperatures, 70-85 F/21-29 C, and a slight drop in humidity mean more comfortable touring.
Winters are mild (seldom below 10 F/-12 C), but they're often wet. Snow rarely lasts more than a few days except in the mountains. April-May temperatures
range 53-87 F/11-30 C (42-76 F/5-24 C in the Smokies), though spring weather can be unsettled.
|Highest Temperature||113 degrees
Aug 9, 1930 - Perryville
|Lowest Temperature||-32 degrees
December 30, 1917 - Mountain City
High - Low
|91.5 degrees - 27.8 degrees|
Tennessee Points of Interest
beauty, mild weather and southern hospitality are a great combination. |
Not-to-be-missed attractions include Lookout Mountain; Civil War battlefields and monuments; Dollywood, Graceland and Beale Street in Memphis; the Grand Ole Opry and Opryland in Nashville; the American Museum of Atomic Energy at Oak Ridge; Great Smoky Mountains National Park; the Hermitage (Andrew Jackson's home), and much, much more.
Tennessee Highest, Lowest, and Mean Elevations (Feet)
|Mean Elevation: 900 feet|
Highest Point: Clingmans Dome: 6,643 feet
Rising 6,643 feet above the Great Smoky Mountains, Clingman's Dome is the highest point along the Appalachian Trail and provides a 360Ãƒ‚Ã‚°view of the surrounding mountains. From it's 54 foot observation tower the average viewing distance is about 22 miles, but on a clear pollution free day, views can amplify as far as 100 miles into 7 states.
|Lowest Point:||Mississippi River
Tennessee Land Area (Square Miles)
|Geographic Center||In Rutherford County, 5 mi. NE of Murfreesboro
|Total Area||42,143.27 sq. mi.
|Land Area||41,217.12 sq. mi.|
|Water Area||926.15 sq. mi.
|Forested Land Area||51.6%|
(Length - Width)
|440 miles - 120 miles|
Anderson, Bedford, Benton, Bledsoe, Blount, Bradley, Campbell, Cannon, Carroll, Carter, Cheatham, Chester, Claiborne, Clay, Cocke, Coffee, Crockett, Cumberland, Davidson, De Kalb, Decatur, Dickson, Dyer, Fayette, Fentress, Franklin, Gibson, Giles, Grainger, Greene, Grundy, Hamblen, Hamilton, Hancock, Hardeman, Hardin, Hawkins, Haywood, Henderson, Henry, Hickman, Houston, Humphreys, Jackson, Jefferson, Johnson, Knox, Lake, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lewis, Lincoln, Loudon, Macon, Madison, Marion, Marshall, Maury, McMinn, McNairy, Meigs, Monroe, Montgomery, Moore, Morgan, Obion, Overton, Perry, Pickett, Polk, Putnam, Rhea, Roane, Robertson, Rutherford, Scott, Sequatchie, Sevier, Shelby, Smith, Stewart, Sullivan, Sumner, Tipton, Trousdale, Unicoi, Union, Van Buren, Warren, Washington, Wayne, Weakley, White, Williamson, Wilson