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Maury County is a county located in the state of Tennessee, in the area legally known as Middle Tennessee. Based on the 2010 census, the
population was 80,956. Its county seat is Columbia.
Maury County is included in the Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Franklin, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Named in honor of Abram Poindexter Maury, Sr. (1766-1825), pioneer, farmer, lawyer, civil engineer who laid out the town of Franklin in the late 1790s, commissioner of the town, state senator.
County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts
Created 1807 from Williamson County and Indian lands; named in honor of Abram Poindexter Maury, Sr. (1766-1825), pioneer, farmer, lawyer, civil engineer who laid out the town of Franklin in the late 1790s, commissioner of the town, state senator.
Maury County was formed in 1807 from Williamson County and Indian lands. (Acts of Tennessee 1807, Chapter 94).
Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture
The Tennessee General Assembly established Maury County on November 16, 1807. Taken from parts of Williamson and Dickson Counties, the new county was named for Abram Maury, a state senator from Williamson County.
Columbia, the county seat, was laid out and lots sold in 1808. At that time, the town consisted of four square blocks. In 1996 Columbia's city limits stretched 15.5 miles from Spring Hill to Mt. Pleasant, towns that were settled at the same time as Columbia. Columbia was incorporated in 1817, Mt. Pleasant in 1824, and Spring Hill in 1901.
From the beginning the rich soil of Maury County attracted settlers, who planted cotton and tobacco and raised livestock. The Polk family plantations at Ashwood became regionally famous for their rich array of agricultural products. After the Civil War farmers shifted from cotton to grain and livestock raising; the Cleburne Jersey Farm near Spring Hill became nationally known for its dairy production and sold Jersey cattle to many other farms in the region. During these years, however, tobacco became the county's largest cash crop. In the twentieth century progressive agricultural practices were demonstrated and made popular through programs at the Middle Tennessee Agricultural Experiment Station near Spring Hill. Today Maury County leads the state in the production of beef cattle and remains a major producer of corn, wheat, grain, sorghum, and cotton. Find more from the Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture: MAURY COUNTY
As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 616 square miles (1,594 km2), of which, 613
square miles (1,587 km2) of it is land and 3 square miles (7 km2) of it (0.43%) is water.
Bordering counties are as follows: