Career College Search

Online Schools

Campus Schools

Tennessee Counties
Tennessee County map
Click Image to Enlarge

Tennessee Counties

There are ninety-five counties in the State of Tennessee. The oldest county is Washington County, founded in 1777. The most recently formed county is Chester County (1879)

Unicoi County, Tennessee

Unicoi County Education, Geography, and History

Unicoi County, Tennessee Courthouse

Unicoi County is a county located in the state of Tennessee. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 18,313. Its county seat is Erwin. Unicoi is a Cherokee word meaning "white," "hazy," "fog-like," or "fog draped."

Unicoi County is part of the Johnson City Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is a component of the Johnson City–Kingsport–Bristol, TN-VA Combined Statistical Area, commonly known as the "Tri-Cities" region.

Etymology - Origin of Unicoi County Name

The name of which, shared with the Southern Appalachian mountains in the area, probably derives from an Indian word "u'nika" meaning white, foglike, or fog-draped.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

History of Unicoi County

Created 1875 from Washington and Carter counties, the name of which, shared with the Southern Appalachian mountains in the area, probably derives from an Indian word "u'nika" meaning white, fog-like, or fog-draped.

Unicoi County was formed in 1875 from Carter and Washington counties. (Public Acts of Tennessee 1875, Chapter 68).

Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture
Located in the mountains of upper East Tennessee, Unicoi County covers approximately 186 square miles, of which approximately 50 percent is owned by the US government. Unicoi is a Cherokee word meaning "white," "hazy," "fog-like," or "fog draped." The county's principal waterway, the Nolichucky River, originates at the point where the North Toe River joins the Cane River in North Carolina. Nolichucky Gorge is now a popular center for white water rafting.

Settlers arrived in the late 1770s and quickly established farms and churches. The area that is now Unicoi County was part of Washington and Carter counties until March 23, 1875, when the Tennessee General Assembly created the new county. The county court took office in January 1876. Erwin, which was centrally located, became the county seat. The town had existed under various names including Unaka (1832), Longmire (1840), and Vanderbilt (1976). In December 1879, the name was changed to Ervin, in honor of David J. N. Ervin, who had donated fifteen acres for the county seat. A mistake by postal officials, which was never corrected, recorded the name as Erwin. Find more from the Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture: UNICOI COUNTY

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 186 square miles (483 km2), of which, 186 square miles (482 km2) of it is land and 0 square miles (1 km2) of it (0.19%) is water.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Washington County (north)
  • Carter County (northeast)
  • Mitchell County, North Carolina (east)
  • Yancey County, North Carolina (south)
  • Madison County, North Carolina (southwest)
  • Greene County (west)


Tennessee Colleges, Universities, & Schools
Compare More Colleges and Universities
Find the Right School

Find more schools to match to your needs.

County Resources
US Counties
Click Image to Enlarge
Colleges & Universities
Colleges & Universities: Search or Browse over 8500 Colleges, Universities, and Trade Schools in the US..
Provides pricing transparency, scholarship information as well as numerous other key details on over 8,500 US colleges, universities and trade schools

Get Your Degree!

Find schools and get information on the program that’s right for you.

Powered by Campus Explorer