Alabama Counties
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Alabama Counties

Alabama currently has sixty-seven counties. The oldest county, Washington, was created on June 4, 1800, when what is now Alabama was then part of the Mississippi Territory. The newest county is Houston, created on February 9, 1903.

Elmore County, Alabama History

Elmore County Education, Geography, and HistoryElmore County, Alabama Courthouse

Elmore County is a county of the State of Alabama. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 79,303. Elmore County was created on February 15,1866. The county was formed from parts of Montgomery County, Coosa County, Autauga County and Tallapoosa County in 1867. Its county seat is Wetumpka. Its Elmore county is named in honor of General John A. Elmore.

Elmore County is part of the Montgomery, AL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Etymology - Origin of Elmore County Name

Elmore county was named for General John Archer Elmore, a veteran of the American Revolution and early settler of Alabama.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Elmore County History

Elmore County, Alabama

Elmore county was formed by the Alabama legislature on Febuary 15, 1866 from parts of Autauga, Coosa, Montgomery, and Tallapoosa Counties. The county was named for General John Archer Elmore, a veteran of the American Revolution and early settler of Alabama. Elmore County lies in the east-central part of the state. It is drained by the Coosa and the Tallapoosa Rivers, which merge to form the Alabama River a few miles south of Wetumpka. Elmore county currently encompasses 622 square miles. The French established Fort Toulouse at the confluence of the Coosa and Tallapoosa in 1717, upon which site General Andrew Jackson erected Fort Jackson in 1814, following the Battle of Horseshoe Bend. Wetumpka is the county seat. Other towns and communities include Eclectic, Tallassee, and Millbrook.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 657 square miles (1,700 km2), of which 618 square miles (1,600 km2) is land and 39 square miles (100 km2) (5.9%) is water.

The Tallapoosa River runs along the eastern edge of the county, where it flows southwest before joining the Coosa south of Wetumpka. The Tallapoosa's tributaries, Tumkeehatchee and Chubbehatchee creeks, intersect the eastern half of the county. In 1926, Alabama Power dammed the Tallapoosa to create Lake Martin, which covers the northeastern corner of Elmore County. The Coosa River runs along the northwestern section of the county, where it flows south of Wetumpka before joining the Alabama River. In 1928, Alabama Power dammed the Coosa River to create Jordan Lake north of Wetumpka.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Northeast: Tallapoosa County
  • Southeast: Macon County
  • South: Montgomery County
  • West: Autauga County
  • Northwest: Chilton County; Coosa County


The Elmore County Public School System serves the county.

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