Alabama State Almanac: Facts and Figures

Quick Facts, Figures, and Overview of the State of Alabama

Alabama Almanac: Facts about the State of Alabama

Alabama, one of the East South Central states of the US. It is bordered by Tennessee, GeorgiaFlorida and the Gulf of Mexico and Mississippi. Origin of the name Alabama is thought to come from a combination of two Choctaw words; Alba and Amo. In Choctaw, "Alba" means vegetation, herbs, plants and "Amo" means gatherer or picker.

Located in the "Heart of Dixie," Alabama was once the historical land of Indians, the Spanish, the French and the English. It modern history includes a significant presence in the iron and steel industries, as well as being one of the leaders of the US Space Age - as a cutting-edge center for space vehicle research. Alabama's rich resources made the state attractive to new industry. Tuscaloosa is known for electronics manufacturing, and Birmingham is home to cutting-edge biomedical research and engineering, and to telecommunications firms. New car manufacturing industries continued to come to the state. In 1989, the manufacturing sector of the state's economy employed 24 percent of Alabama's total workforce.

Alabama Almanac: Facts About Alabama

Official Name Alabama
Capital Montgomery
Nicknames Yellowhammer State ... and more
Motto Audemus jua nostra defendere - (We dare defend our rights)
Location & Region 32.35440 N, 086.28428 W
Southern Appalachia
Constitution Ratified 1901
Statehood December 14, 1819
22nd State
Population 4,779,736 (2010)
87.6 sq. mi.
Largest City
(by population)
10 largest cities (2010): Birmingham, 212,237; Montgomery, 205,764; Mobile, 195,111; Huntsville, 180,105; Tuscaloosa, 90,468; Hoover, 81,619; Dothan, 65,496; Decatur, 55,683; Auburn, 53,380; Madison, 42,938
Bordering States North: Tennessee
East: Georgia (Chattahoochee River forms much of the Eastern boundary)
South: Florida and the Gulf of Mexico
West: Mississippi
Coastline: 53 mi.
Major Industries agriculture (cotton, corn, peanuts, soybeans, poultry, and livestock), hydroelectric power, mining (coal, limestone, iron ore), steel-making
Major Rivers Tombigbee River, Alabama River, Tennessee River, Chattahoochee River
Major Lakes Guntersville Lake, Wilson Lake, Martin Lake, West Point Lake, Lewis Smith Lake
Alabama Counties 67 Counties in Alabama
Largest County
(by population)
Jefferson County
657,229 (2005)
1,113 sq. mi.
Largest County
(by area)
Baldwin County
1,596 sq. mi.
State forests 21 (48,000 ac.)  
State parks 22( 45,614 ac.)  
Electoral Votes 9
US Congress 2 Senators; 7 Representatives
Time Zone Central Standard Time
Zip Codes NANPA
State Quick Facts Census Bureau Quick Facts

Alabama Climate and Weather

The majority of Alabama's days are warm and sunny. Rainfall across the state is lowest in October and highest in March. Spring comes early, with a brilliant palette of colors and temperatures around 60 degrees Fahrenheit (15 degrees Celsius) daily by March. Summer days average in the 80s F (mid-20s C), with periods of heat in the 90s F (32 C) peaking in July.

In the cooler months of September, October and November, you usually won't need more than a sweater or light jacket to stay warm. Severely cold weather is rare in Alabama, though snow flurries can be seen in the higher elevations of North Alabama. For Birmingham, the average low temperature in January is 33 F degrees, while the high is 54 F. In the coastal city of Mobile, the average January low is 40 F and the high 61 F.

Hurricane season extends from May to October in Alabama, while conditions for tornadoes are most common in March, April and November. The Alabama Emergency Management Association offers tips on how to be prepared for severe weather, and you can stay informed of Alabama weather conditions through the National Weather Service.

Highest Temperature 112 degrees
Sept. 5, 1925 - Centerville
Lowest Temperature -27 degrees
Jan. 30, 1996 - New Market
Avg. Temp:
High - Low
91.5 degrees
31 degrees

Alabama Points of Interest

Alabama offers a wide variety of quality family attractions, including sandy beaches along its Gulf of Mexico coastline, forested mountain campsites and trails, and great fishing lakes. In addition, some of its favorite attractions include NASA's Space Center in Huntsville, numerous Civil War battlefields, the USS Alabama battleship moored near Mobile, the NASCAR Super Speedway in Talladega, and the historic cities of Birmingham and Montgomery, and of course, Alabama's famous "Southern Hospitality."

Alabama Highest, Lowest, & Mean Elevations (Feet)

Mean Elevation: 500 feet
Highest Point: Cheaha Mountain: Talladega National Forest
2,407 feet.

Cheaha Mountain: Talladega National ForestThe Creek Indians named it Cheaha meaning "high place" - an appropriate name, as Cheaha Mountain in Lineville, Alabama is the highest point in Alabama, at 2,407 feet above sea level. Visitors can overlook the valley from the park's restaurant.

Lowest Point: Gulf of Mexico
Sea level

Alabama Land Area (Square Miles)

Geographic Center In Chilton Co., 12 mi. SW of Clanton
Latitude: 32°50.5'N
Longitude: 86°38.0'W
Area 52,419.02 sq. miles
Land Area 50,744.00 sq. miles [Alabama is the 30th biggest state in the USA]
Water Area 1,675.01 sq. miles
Forested Land Area 67.6%
(Length - Width)
330 miles - 190 miles
County Information and County History
Almanac Online
Almanac Online
Information on people & places that make US a great place to live, visit, or study.