Alabama Counties
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Alabama Counties

Alabama currently has sixty-seven counties. The oldest county, Washington, was created on June 4, 1800, when what is now Alabama was then part of the Mississippi Territory. The newest county is Houston, created on February 9, 1903.

Pike County, Alabama History

Pike County Education, Geography, and HistoryPike County, Alabama Courthouse

Pike County is a county of the state of Alabama. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 32,899. Pike County was created on December 17, 1821 and was formed from Henry County and Montgomery County. The county seat is Troy. Pike county name is in honor of General Zebulon Pike, of New Jersey, an explorer who led an expedition to southern Colorado and discovered Pikes Peak in 1806.

Pike County comprises the Troy, AL Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Etymology - Origin of Pike County Name

 Pike county was named for General Zebulon Pike (New Jersey), a soldier in the War of 1812.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Pike County History

Pike County, Alabama

Pike county was formed on December 17, 1821. The county boundaries changed several times before being set at their current locations in 1866. The county was named for General Zebulon Pike (New Jersey), a soldier in the War of 1812. The first county seat was established at Louisville, later moved to Monticello and finally located in Troy in 1839.

Pike County is located in the southeastern section of the state, in the coastal plain or "Wiregrass" area. It encompasses 672 square miles. A teachers' training college, Troy Normal School, was established in Troy in 1887. Today it exists as Troy State University. Other towns located in the county include Brundidge, Spring Hill and Henderson.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 673 square miles (1,740 km2), of which 672 square miles (1,740 km2) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) (0.1%) is water.

The Conecuh River runs diagonally through the county from the northeast to the southwest and is home to 95 species of fish and 30 species of mussel, some of which are at risk. The Pea River forms part of Pike County's eastern border and is the largest tributary of the Choctawhatchee River. Big Creek and Whitewater Creek, significant tributaries of the Pea River, originate just below Troy.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Northeast: Bullock County
  • East: Barbour County
  • Southeast: Dale County
  • South: Coffee County
  • West: Crenshaw County
  • Northwest: Montgomery County


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