Alabama Counties
Alabama County Map
Click Image to Enlarge

Alabama Counties

Alabama currently has sixty-seven counties. The oldest county, Washington, was created on June 4, 1800, when what is now Alabama was then part of the Mississippi Territory. The newest county is Houston, created on February 9, 1903.

Russell County, Alabama History

Russell County Education, Geography, and HistoryRussell County, Alabama Courthouse

Russell County is a county of the state of Alabama. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 52,947. Russell County was created on December 18, 1832 in the Creek Cession of 1832, from former Creek Indian territory. The county seat is Phenix City. The county name is in honor of Colonel Gilbert C. Russell, who fought in the wars against the Creek Indians.

Russell County is part of the Columbus, GA-AL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Etymology - Origin of Russell County Name

The county is named for Col. Gilbert C. Russell of Mobile, a US military officer who fought in the Creek Wars.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Russell County History

Russell County, Alabama

Russell county was formed by an act of the Alabama General Assembly on December 18, 1832, from former Creek Indian territory. The county is located in the south-central eastern part of the state and is bounded on the east by the Chattahoochee River and the State of Georgia. Russell County encompasses 634 square miles.

The county is named for Colonel Gilbert C. Russell of Mobile, a US military officer who fought in the Creek Wars. The first county seat was established at Girard. The county seat was moved to Seale in 1868 and to Phenix City in the 1930s. Other towns of note include Fort Mitchell and Hurtsboro.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 647 square miles (1,680 km2), of which 641 square miles (1,660 km2) is land and 6.1 square miles (16 km2) (0.9%) is water.

The Chattahoochee River runs along the county's eastern border, and the river's many tributaries fan out through the entire county. Because the Chattahoochee River is one of the most dammed rivers in the southeast, its physical and biological systems have been severely altered over the last half century. The overall biological diversity of the river has declined, and several fish and mussel species are at risk.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Northeast: Muscogee County, Ga.
  • East: Chattahoochee County, Ga.
  • Southeast: Stewart County, Ga.
  • Southwest: Barbour County; Bullock County
  • West: Macon County
  • Northwest: Lee County


Compare More Colleges and Universities
Find the Right School

Find more schools to match to your needs.

County Resources
US Counties
Click Image to Enlarge