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Alabama Counties

Alabama currently has sixty-seven counties. The oldest county, Washington, was created on June 4, 1800, when what is now Alabama was then part of the Mississippi Territory. The newest county is Houston, created on February 9, 1903.

Wilcox County, Alabama History

Wilcox County Education, Geography, and HistoryWilcox County, Alabama Courthouse

Wilcox County is a county of the state of Alabama. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 11,670. Wilcox County was created on December 13, 1819 and it was formed from Monroe County and Dallas County. The county seat is Camden. The county was named after Joseph M. Wilcox, a US Army lieutenant who was killed in Alabama during the Creek War.

Etymology - Origin of Wilcox County Name

Wilcox county was named for Lt. Joseph M. Wilcox who fought in the Creek Wars.


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Wilcox County History

Wilcox County, Alabama

Wilcox county was formed by an act of the Alabama legislature on December 13, 1819. The county  was named for Lt. Joseph M. Wilcox who fought in the Creek Wars. The county is located in the south-central part of the state, in the Black Belt region. It encompasses 883 square miles. The county was a center of Alabama antebellum plantation life.

Today it is largely agricultural and rural. The county seat of Wilcox County is Camden. Other towns include Lower Peach Tree, Millers Ferry, Pine Apple, Pine Hill and Snow Hill.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 907 square miles (2,350 km2), of which 888 square miles (2,300 km2) is land and 19 square miles (49 km2) (2.1%) is water.

The Alabama River and its middle tributaries flow throughout Wilcox County. The Alabama River combines Alabama's eastern and western rivers. More than 144 species of fish have been identified in the Alabama River. The river provides both economic and recreational opportunities for Wilcox County. The Roland Cooper State Park and the William Dannelly Reservoir provide scenic views and recreational opportunities as well. Both the park and the reservoir are located on the Alabama River.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Northeast: Dallas County; Lowndes County
  • Southeast: Butler County
  • South: Monroe County
  • Southwest: Clarke County
  • Northwest: Marengo County


All public schools in the county are operated by the Wilcox County School District. It is also served by one private school, Wilcox Academy, founded in 1970 as a segregation academy

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