Illinois Counties
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Illinois Counties

There are one hundred and two counties in Illinois. St. Clair County was the first county established in what is today Illinois. Most counties in Illinois were named after early American leaders, especially of the American Revolutionary War, as well as soldiers from the Battle of Tippecanoe and the War of 1812.

Crawford County, Illinois

Crawford County Education, Geography, and HistoryCrawford County, Illinois Courthouse

Crawford County is a county located in the state of Illinois. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 19,817. Crawford County was created on December 31, 1816. The county seat is Robinson. This county is named for William H. Crawford (1772-1834), ninth United States Secretary of War, seventh Secretary of the Treasury.

Etymology - Origin of Crawford County Name

The county is named for William H. Crawford, prominent United States Senator from Georgia and presidential candidate in 1824.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Crawford County History

Crawford County was established December 31, 1816 (Territorial Laws, 1815-16, p. 21), formed from Edwards County, Illinois Territory. Sometimes known as "Great Crawford County", its area extended from the Wabash to the middle of Illinois, and from its present southern border almost to the Canadian border.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 446 square miles (1,154 km2), of which 444 square miles (1,149 km2) is land and 2 square miles (6 km2) (0.49%) is water.

Crawford county is located in southeast Illinois. Some of the county's eastern border is defined by the Wabash River. Crawford County State Fish and Wildlife Area is located in this county.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • North: Clark County
  • Northeast: Sullivan County, Ind.
  • Southeast: Knox County, Ind.
  • South: Lawrence County
  • Southwest: Richland County
  • West: Jasper County


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