Illinois Counties
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Illinois Counties

There are one hundred and two counties in Illinois. St. Clair County was the first county established in what is today Illinois. Most counties in Illinois were named after early American leaders, especially of the American Revolutionary War, as well as soldiers from the Battle of Tippecanoe and the War of 1812.

Moultrie County, Illinois

Moultrie County Education, Geography, and HistoryMoultrie County, Illinois Courthouse

Moultrie County is a county located in the state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 14,846. Moultrie County was created on February 16, 1843. The county seat is Sullivan. The county is named for General William Moultrie (1730-1805), American Revolutionary War general and Governor of South Carolina.

Etymology - Origin of Moultrie County Name

The county is named for General William Moultrie, successful defender of Fort Moultrie at Charleston, SC, during the American Revolution.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Moultrie County History

Moultrie County was created on February 16, 1843 (Laws, 1843, p. 83) and was formed from Macon and Shelby County. Present area, or parts of it, formerly included in: Macon County (1831-1843), Shelby County (1827-1843), Fayette County (1821-1827), Clark County (1819-1821), Crawford County (1816-1819), Edwards County (1815-1816), Madison County (1812-1815), St. Clair County (1801-1812) and Knox, Northwest Territory (1790-1801).

The County was named for William Moultrie, a General of the Revolution, who built Fort Moultrie and successfully defended it. The County Seat is Sullivan . Prior County Seats was Home of James Camfield- Temporary designation (1843-1844), East Nelson- Temporary designation (1844-1845) and Sullivan (1845-Present).

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 344 square miles (892 km2), of which, 336 square miles (869 km2) of it is land and 9 square miles (23 km2) of it (2.57%) is water.

Moultrie county is located close to the center of Illinois. Shelbyville State Fish and Wildlife Area is located in this county.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • North: Piatt County
  • Northeast: Douglas County
  • Southeast: Coles County
  • Southwest: Shelby County
  • Northwest: Macon County


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