New Mexico Counties
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New Mexico Counties

There is thirty-three counties in the state of New Mexico. There were originally nine counties formed in 1852. Santa Ana County, New Mexico Territory, one of the nine original counties, was annexed in 1876 to Bernalillo County, New Mexico.

Valencia County, New Mexico

Valencia County Education, Geography, and HistoryValencia County, New Mexico Courthouse

Valencia County is a county located in the state of New Mexico. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 76,569. The county seat is Los Lunas.

Valencia County is included in the Albuquerque, NM Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Etymology - Origin of Valencia County Name

Named for the village of Valencia


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Valencia County History

Valencia originally created by the Republic of Mexico and created 9 January 1852. The county seat is Los Lunas. It was named for an early town built by Francisco de Valencia. Valencia County is a booming area of New Mexico. Its central location to the major populated counties has resulted in migration to its attractive living areas. Real estate sales are a major part of the economy. The county has a rich mix of professional people, artists, writers, and friendly citizens.

The county, which was formerly much larger in area, lost almost 81 percent of its territory on June 19, 1981, upon the creation of Cibola County, which occupies the westernmost portion of Valencia County's former area.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,068 square miles (2,770 km2), of which 1,066 square miles (2,760 km2) is land and 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2) (0.2%) is water. It is the second-smallest county in New Mexico by area.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Bernalillo County - north
  • Torrance County - east
  • Socorro County - south
  • Cibola County - west


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