Pennsylvania Counties
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Pennsylvania Counties

There are sixty-seven counties of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States of America. The city of Philadelphia is coterminous with Philadelphia County, and governmental functions have been consolidated since 1854.

Clinton County, Pennsylvania

Clinton County Education, Geography, and History

Clinton County, Pennsylvania Courthouse

Clinton County is a county located in the state of Pennsylvania. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 39,238. Its county seat is Lock Haven. The county was created on June 21, 1839, from parts of Centre and Lycoming Counties. Its name is in honor of the seventh Governor of New York State, DeWitt Clinton, however some sources suggest the namesake is Henry Clinton.

Clinton County comprises the Lock Haven, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Williamsport-Lock Haven, PA Combined Statistical Area.

Etymology - Origin of Clinton County Name

Probably named for Governor DeWitt Clinton of New York, a promoter of the Erie Canal. Actually, the name seems to have been substituted, as a political maneuver, for the name "Eagle," which had been first proposed.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Clinton County History

Created on June 21, 1839, and was probably named for Governor DeWitt Clinton of New York, a promoter of the Erie Canal. Actually, the name seems to have been substituted, as a political maneuver, for the name "Eagle," which had been first proposed. This thwarted opponents of the new county. Lock Haven, the county seat, derived its name from its position on the West Branch Canal that was completed to Lock Haven in 1834. Lock Haven was incorporated as a borough on May 25, 1840, and as a city on March 28, 1870.

First settlement was by squatters on Great Island, possibly in 1762. The area south of the West Branch River was purchased from the Indians in 1768; that north of the river in 1784. The Fair Play area, which lasted from 1768 to 1784, arose due to an ambiguity in the description of the 1768 purchase. In 1769 an influx of settlers created Old Town. The Farrandsville iron furnace and coal mine and Nathan Harvey's Mill Hall began before the county was created. Jeremiah Church founded Lock Haven and worked to have the county formed. The North Branch Canal opened up the economy. Iron manufacturing declined due to competition, but the Philadelphia and Erie Railroad arrived in 1859. During the lumber boom Lock Haven competed with Williamsport. Woolrich Mills began in 1830 and is one of the oldest Pennsylvania industries. Paper and silk industries flourished from the late nineteenth century, and dyes were manufactured. The Piper Aircraft Company arrived in 1937. Surface coal mining continues and the county ranks about eighteenth in the State. The agricultural sector is not strong, although a high percentage of the population claims German descent, a traditionally farming people. Farms occupy 8 percent of the land. Floods in 1889, 1936, and 1972 damaged the county's economy. There were Underground Railroad stations at Clinton, Keating, and Glen Union. The Native American Chief Bald Eagle, the Fair Play Settlers' Pine Tree Declaration of Independence, and log raftsman Miles King are local legends.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 898 square miles (2,326 kmÂ2), of which, 891 square miles (2,307 kmÂ2) of it is land and 7 square miles (19 kmÂ2) of it (0.81%) is water.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Potter County (north)
  • Lycoming County (east)
  • Union County (southeast)
  • Centre County (south)
  • Clearfield County (southwest)
  • Cameron County (west)


Colleges and universities

Lock Haven University of Pennsylvania

Public school districts

Jersey Shore Area School District (also in Lycoming County)
Keystone Central School District (also in Centre County)
West Branch Area School District (also in Clearfield County)

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