South Carolina Counties
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South Carolina Counties

South Carolina is made up of fourty-six counties. They range in size from 392 square miles (1,016 square kilometers) in the case of Calhoun County to 1,358 square miles (3,517 square kilometers) in the case of Charleston County. The least populous county is McCormick County, with only 9,958 residents, while the most populous county is Greenville County, with a population of 395,357, despite the state's most populous city, Columbia, being located in Richland County.

Florence County, South Carolina

Florence County Education, Geography, and History

Florence County, South Carolina Courthouse

Florence is a county located in the state of South Carolina. Based on the 2010 census, its population was 136,885. Florence County was formed from a section of the Darlington County and old Marion District in 1888. Florence County was named for the daughter of General W. W. Harllee. Its county seat is Florence.

Florence County is included in the Florence, SC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Etymology - Origin of Florence  County Name

Florence is named for Florence Harllee, a daughter of W. W. Harllee, a president of the Wilmington and Manchester Railroad.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Florence County History

Florence County took its name from its county seat, the City of Florence. The county was formed in 1888 from parts of Marion, Darlington, Williamsburg, and Clarendon counties. The City of Florence was founded in the 1850s as a stop on the Wilmington and Manchester Railroad; it was named for Florence Harllee, daughter of William Wallace Harllee (1812-1897), the president of the railroad. Florence soon became an important transportation center for the Pee Dee region. During the Civil War it was the site of a Confederate prison camp. In later years tobacco growing became a major activity in the county. Some famous Florence County natives are artist William H. Johnson (1901-1970), astronaut Ronald E. McNair (1950-1986), and stock car racer Cale Yarborough.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 904 square miles (2,082 km2), of which, 800 square miles (2,072 km2) of it is land and 4 square miles (10 km2) of it (0.49%) is water.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Marlboro County, South Carolina - north
  • Dillon County, South Carolina - northeast
  • Marion County, South Carolina - east
  • Williamsburg County, South Carolina - south
  • Sumter County, South Carolina - southwest
  • Clarendon County, South Carolina - southwest
  • Lee County, South Carolina - west
  • Darlington County, South Carolina - northwest


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