South Carolina Counties
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South Carolina Counties

South Carolina is made up of fourty-six counties. They range in size from 392 square miles (1,016 square kilometers) in the case of Calhoun County to 1,358 square miles (3,517 square kilometers) in the case of Charleston County. The least populous county is McCormick County, with only 9,958 residents, while the most populous county is Greenville County, with a population of 395,357, despite the state's most populous city, Columbia, being located in Richland County.

McCormick County, South Carolina

McCormick County Education, Geography, and History

McCormick County, South Carolina Courthouse

McCormick County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. Based on the 2010 census, its population was 10,233, making it the least-populous county in South Carolina. Its county seat is McCormick. The county was formed in 1916 from parts of Edgefield, Abbeville, and Greenwood Counties.

Etymology - Origin of McCormick County Name

McCormick is named for Cyrus McCormick, inventor of the mechanical reaper.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

McCormick County History

Named for inventor Cyrus Hall McCormick (1809-1884), McCormick County was formed in 1916 from parts of Edgefield, Abbeville, and Greenwood counties. The area was settled in the mid-18th century by Scotch-Irish, French Huguenot, and German farmers. The British built Fort Charlotte to protect the region after early inhabitants were massacred by Cherokee Indians at Long Cane in 1760; this fort was one of the first to be siezed by the Americans during the Revolutionary War. Around 1850 gold was discovered where the town of McCormick now stands. In 1871 Cyrus McCormick donated land from the Dorn Gold Mine for the town, which was named for him. S.C. Governor and US Senator George McDuffie (1790-1851), Unionist leader James Louis Petigru (1789-1863), and Willington Academy educator Moses Waddel (1770-1840) have resided in the county. John C. Calhoun (1782-1850), US Vice President, Secretary of War, Secretary of State, and Senator, was born in McCormick County.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 394 square miles (1,020 km2), of which, 360 square miles (931 km2) of it is land and 34 square miles (89 km2) of it (8.71%) is water.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Greenwood County, South Carolina - northeast
  • Edgefield County, South Carolina - east
  • Columbia County, Georgia - south
  • Lincoln County, Georgia - west
  • Elbert County, Georgia - northwest
  • Abbeville County, South Carolina - northwest


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