South Carolina Counties
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South Carolina Counties

South Carolina is made up of fourty-six counties. They range in size from 392 square miles (1,016 square kilometers) in the case of Calhoun County to 1,358 square miles (3,517 square kilometers) in the case of Charleston County. The least populous county is McCormick County, with only 9,958 residents, while the most populous county is Greenville County, with a population of 395,357, despite the state's most populous city, Columbia, being located in Richland County.

Spartanburg County, South Carolina

Spartanburg County Education, Geography, and History

Spartanburg County, South Carolina Courthouse

Spartanburg County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 284,307, making it the fourth-most populous county in South Carolina. Its county seat is Spartanburg.

Spartanburg County is included in the Spartanburg, SC Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, SC Combined Statistical Area.

Etymology - Origin of Spartanburg County Name

Spartanburg was named for the Spartan Regiment of the American Revolutionary War.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Spartanburg County History

Spartanburg County and its county seat were named for the Spartan Regiment, a local militia unit that fought in the Revolutionary War. The county was formed in 1785 as a part of Ninety Six District, and from 1791 to 1799 it was part of Pinckney District. A part of Spartanburg County later went to form Cherokee County in 1897. European settlers, primarily Scotch-Irish, began moving into this area from Pennsylvania and Virginia in the late eighteenth century. For many years the primary occupations were small scale cattle raising and cotton farming. Areas with mineral springs, such as Glenn Springs, were also popular summer resorts for lowcountry residents. Following the Civil War, textile manufacturing became the dominant industry, and Spartanburg County remains an important manufacturing center today. Some well known Spartanburg residents are hymn writer and publisher William Walker (1809-1875), US Army General William C. Westmoreland, and industrialist Roger Milliken

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 819 square miles (2,122 km2), of which, 811 square miles (2,100 km2) of it is land and 8 square miles (21 km2) of it (1.00%) is water.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Rutherford County, North Carolina - north
  • Cherokee County, South Carolina - east
  • Union County, South Carolina - southeast
  • Laurens County, South Carolina - south
  • Greenville County, South Carolina - west
  • Polk County, North Carolina - northwest


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