Texas Counties
Texas County map
Click Image to Enlarge

Texas Counties

Texas is divided into two hundred and fifty-four counties, more than any other state. Texas was originally divided into municipalities, a unit of local government under Spanish and Mexican rule. When the Republic of Texas gained its independence in 1836, there were 23 municipalities, which became the original Texas counties. Many of these would later be divided into new counties. The most recent county to be created was Kenedy County in 1921. The most recent county to be organized was Loving County in 1931

Crosby County, Texas

Crosby County Education, Geography, and History

Crosby County, Texas Courthouse

Crosby County is a county located in the state of Texas. Based on the 2010 census, its population was 6,059. The county seat is Crosbyton. The county was founded in 1876 and later organized in 1886. Both the county and its seat are named for Stephen Crosby, a land commissioner in Texas.

Crosby County, along with Lubbock County, and Lynn County, is part of the Lubbock Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). The Lubbock MSA and Levelland Micropolitan Statistical Area , encompassing only Hockley County, form the larger Lubbock-Levelland Combined Statistical Area (CSA).

Etymology - Origin of Crosby County Name

Stephen Crosby, a land commissioner


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Crosby County History

Crosby County is a county located in the US state of Texas. The seat of the county is Crosbyton. The county and its seat are both named for Stephen Crosby, a land commissioner in Texas.

Handbook of Texas Online
The Quaker colony flourished for a while as a cultural and economic center and attracted merchants and settlers; in 1882 the colony established one of the first schools on the high plains. Crosby County was formally organized after elections held in 1886, with Estacado (the new name of the town formerly called Marietta) designated as the county seat. Open-range grazing continued until the mid-1880s, when barbed wire was introduced and small ranchers and farmers began competing for the land. By 1890 the population of the county was 345. As more settlers moved in to establish farms and ranches, the influence of the Quakers declined and the religious orientation of the community was lost. In 1891 Emma became the seat of government. Until the early twentieth century, the county remained dominated by such large ranches as the St. Louis Cattle Company, the Two-Buckle Ranch, the C. B. Livestock Company (founded in 1901) and smaller spreads. Thanks to plentiful grass and sufficient water holes, and despite the lack of rail transportation in early days, the beef-cattle industry thrived. In 1900, 30,618 cattle were counted in Crosby County, and in 1910 holdings were about the same. More at
John Leffler, "CROSBY COUNTY," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hcc27), accessed January 23, 2016. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 902 square miles (2,335 km2), of which, 900 square miles (2,330 km2) of it is land and 2 square miles (5 km2) of it (0.24%) is water.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Floyd County (north)
  • Dickens County (east)
  • Garza County (south)
  • Lubbock County (west)


Compare More Colleges and Universities
Find the Right School

Find more schools to match to your needs.

County Resources
US Counties
Click Image to Enlarge