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Texas Counties

Texas is divided into two hundred and fifty-four counties, more than any other state. Texas was originally divided into municipalities, a unit of local government under Spanish and Mexican rule. When the Republic of Texas gained its independence in 1836, there were 23 municipalities, which became the original Texas counties. Many of these would later be divided into new counties. The most recent county to be created was Kenedy County in 1921. The most recent county to be organized was Loving County in 1931

Lipscomb County, Texas

Lipscomb County Education, Geography, and History

Lipscomb County, Texas Courthouse

Lipscomb County is a county located in the state of Texas. Based on the 2010 census, its population was 3,302. Its county seat is Lipscomb. The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1887. It is named for Judge Abner Smith Lipscomb, a secretary of state of the Republic of Texas.

Etymology - Origin of Lipscomb County Name

Abner Smith Lipscomb, an early Texas lawyer, justice of the Texas Supreme Court and secretary of state of the Republic of Texas


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Lipscomb County History

Lipscomb County is a county located in the US state of Texas. Its county seat is Lipscomb. The county is named for Judge Abner Smith Lipscomb, a secretary of state of the Republic of Texas

Handbook of Texas Online
The region was inhabited by a Puebloan culture in the prehistoric era, then by Plains Apaches, Apaches, and finally Kiowas and Comanches in the historic period. The Kiowas and Comanches dominated the Panhandle until they were defeated in the Red River War of 1873-74; they were forced onto reservations in Oklahoma in 1875 and 1876, after which ranchers moved in. Lipscomb County was formed by the Texas legislature in 1876 from the Bexar District. The county's first settler was Alex Young, a small-scale rancher who settled on Kiowa Creek in 1877. Later that same year Henry W. Cresswell's huge CC Ranch (centered in Roberts and Ochiltree Counties) spilled into the western portion of Lipscomb County. Soon other large ranches appeared: the Seven K, the DAY, the Box T, and the YL all occupied large portions of the county by the end of 1878. These ranches dominated the county for almost a decade, until the coming of the railroad in 1887 encouraged settlers to move into the area. The agricultural census for 1880 shows four ranches in the county, reporting a total of 5,037 cattle; no crops were reported. According to the census, there were sixty-nine people living in the county that year More at
Donald R. Abbe, "LIPSCOMB COUNTY," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hcl10), accessed January 24, 2016. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 932 square miles (2,414 km2), virtually all of which is land.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Beaver County, Oklahoma (north)
  • Ellis County, Oklahoma (east)
  • Hemphill County (south)
  • Roberts County (southwest)
  • Ochiltree County (west)


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