Vermont Counties
Vermont Coiunty map
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Vermont Counties

There are fourteen counties in Vermont. Each county has a county seat, known in Vermont as shire town. In 1777, Vermont had two counties. The western side of the state was called Bennington County and the eastern was called Cumberland County. In 1781 Cumberland County was broken up into three counties in Vermont, plus Washington County, which eventually became part of New Hampshire. Today's Washington County was known as Jefferson County until 1814. Essex County, Orleans County, and Caledonia County are commonly referred to as the Northeast Kingdom.

Orange County, Vermont

Orange County Education, Geography, and History

Orange County, Vermont Courthouse

Orange County is a county located in the state of Vermont. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 28,936. Its shire town is Chelsea. Orange County was organized on 2 February 1781 as an original county within the state.

Orange County is part of the Claremont-Lebanon, NH-VT Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Etymology - Origin of Orange County Name

For William of Orange, later William III of England.


County QuickFacts:

Orange County History

Jacob Bayley, a Revolutionary War general, helped settle the region, notably by founding Newbury in 1763 and by building the Bayley-Hazen Military Road in 1776-79. The county was formed in 1781 and named for William of Orange (William III of England). Randolph developed with the coming of the railroad in 1848. Tunbridge is the site of the century-old annual Tunbridge World's Fair.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 692 square miles (1,792 km2), of which, 689 square miles (1,783 km2) of it is land and 3 square miles (8 km2) of it (0.46%) is water.

Chelsea, chief town. This county is bounded N. by Washington and Caledonia counties, E. by Connecticut river, S. by Windsor county, and W. by Addison and Washington counties. Area, 650 square miles. Population, 1820, 24,169; 1830, 27,285. Population to a square mile, 42. Incorporated, 1781. The eastern range of the Green mountains extends along the northwestern part of the county. The principal rivers, besides the Connecticut, are the Ompomponoosuc, Wait's, branches of the White, and Stevens' branch of the Onion. The lands in Orange county are generally good for grazing, and supply many cattle and all the varieties of the dairy, of which a large amount is annually sent to market. In 1837 there were 99,346 sheep within its limits. This county contains some excellent tracts of land on the banks of the Connecticut. Iron and lead ores, slate and granite, are abundant.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Caledonia County, Vermont - northeast
  • Grafton County, New Hampshire - east
  • Windsor County, Vermont - southwest
  • Addison County, Vermont - west
  • Washington County, Vermont - northwest


The county is served by 4 school districts (supervisory unions):

Orange East Supervisory Union (Superintendent: Wendy Baker[)
Orange North Supervisory Union
Orange Southwest Supervisory Union
Orange Windsor Supervisory Union
Orange County is also home to the Vermont Technical College, located in the town of Randolph

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