Vermont Counties
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Vermont Counties

There are fourteen counties in Vermont. Each county has a county seat, known in Vermont as shire town. In 1777, Vermont had two counties. The western side of the state was called Bennington County and the eastern was called Cumberland County. In 1781 Cumberland County was broken up into three counties in Vermont, plus Washington County, which eventually became part of New Hampshire. Today's Washington County was known as Jefferson County until 1814. Essex County, Orleans County, and Caledonia County are commonly referred to as the Northeast Kingdom.

Windsor County, Vermont

Windsor County Education, Geography, and History

Windsor County, Vermont Courthouse

Windsor County is a county located in the state of Vermont. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 56,670. Established: February 22, 1781 County Seat: Woodstock. The shire town is Woodstock. Its largest town is Hartford.

Windsor County is part of the Claremont-Lebanon, NH-VT Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Etymology - Origin of Windsor County Name

For Windsor, Vermont (which was in turn named after Windsor, Connecticut.) Windsor is a town in Windsor County, Vermont, United States. The population was 3,756 at the 2000 census. It is also the birthplace of Vermont, where the state constitution was signed, and acted as the first capital and meetingplace of the Vermont General Assembly until 1805 when Montpelier became the official capital.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Windsor County History

On July 8, 1777, the constitution that created the republic of Vermont was signed making Windsor the birthplace of Vermont. 

Vermont was divided into two counties in March, 1778. In 1781 the legislature divided the northernmost county, Cumberland, into three counties: Windham and Windsor, located about where they are now. The northern remainder was called Orange county. This latter tract nearly corresponded with the old New York county of Gloucester, organized by that province March 16, 1770, with Newbury as the shire town.

Windsor County was created on February 22, 1781 from part of Cumberland County. This particular county was named after the Town of Windsor, Connecticut.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 976 square miles (2,527 km2), of which, 971 square miles (2,515 km2) of it is land and 5 square miles (12 km2) of it (0.49%) is water.

Woodstock is the county town. This county is bounded N. by the county of Orange, E. by Connecticut river, S. by Windham county, and W. by Rutland and a part of Addison counties. It contains an area of about 900 square miles. Population, 1810, 34,877; 1820, 38,233; 1830, 40,625: population to a square mile, 48. Incorporated in 1781.

Windsor county is watered by White, Queechy, Black, West and Williams' rivers, and by other excellent mill streams. The surface of the county is uneven, and in some parts mountainous, but generally it is not too elevated to admit of cultivation. The soil produces fine crops of grain, hay, vegetables and fruits: the lands are peculiarly adapted for grazing, and about 200,000 sheep graze on its varied surface of hills and valleys.

The beautiful Connecticut, which washes its whole eastern boundary, gives to this county large tracts of alluvial meadow land, and affords it a navigable channel to the sea board, for its surplus productions, and for its wants from abroad.

The hydraulic power of Windsor county is very large, and its local position is such as to induce men of enterprize and capital to embark in manufacturing operations, which are annually increasing with fair prospects of success.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Orange County, Vermont - northeast
  • Grafton County, New Hampshire - northeast
  • Sullivan County, New Hampshire - east
  • Windham County, Vermont - south
  • Bennington County, Vermont - southwest
  • Rutland County, Vermont - west
  • Addison County, Vermont - northwest


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