Virginia Counties
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Virginia Counties

The Commonwealth of Virginia is divided into ninety-five counties and thirty-eight independent cities, which are considered county-equivalents for census purposes.

Bath County, Virginia

Bath County Education, Geography, and History

Bath County, Virginia Courthouse

Bath County is a county located in the Shenandoah Valley and on the central western border of the Commonwealth of Virginia. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 4,731 in 2014, the population was estimated to be 4,771, making it the second-least populous county in Virginia. Bath's county seat is Warm Springs.

Bath County was created in 1790 from parts of Augusta, Botetourt, and Greenbrier counties, and it was named for the English city of Bath. Like its namesake, Bath County's economy is focused on tourism and recreation, due to its many natural mineral springs found in the area.

Etymology - Origin of Bath County Name

Bath is either named for the many warm springs within its borders or for Bath, England.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Bath County History

Bath County formed from Augusta, Botetourt, and Greenbrier Counties. Legislative enactment in 1790. Organized in 1791. [Virginia Counties: Those Resulting from Virginia Legislation, by Morgan Poitiaux Robinson, originally published as Bulletin of the Virginia State Library, Volume 9, January, April, July 1916, reprinted 1992 by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD.]

Bath County was given its name either for the many mineral springs found in the county or for the town of Bath in England. It was formed from Augusta, Botetourt and Greenbrier (West Virginia) Counties on December 14, 1790. Its area is 540 square miles, and the county seat is Warm Springs.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 535 square miles (1,384 km2), of which, 532 square miles (1,378 km2) of it is land and 3 square miles (7 km2) of it (0.51%) is water.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Alleghany County, VA to the south
  • Augusta County, VA to the east
  • Greenbrier County, WV to the southwest
  • Highland County, VA to the north
  • Pocahontas County, WV to the west
  • Rockbridge County, VA to the southeast


The county has two elementary schools (Pre-Kindergarten to 7th grade) and one high school (8th grade to 12th grade).

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