Virginia Counties
Virginia County map
Click Image to Enlarge

Virginia Counties

The Commonwealth of Virginia is divided into ninety-five counties and thirty-eight independent cities, which are considered county-equivalents for census purposes.

Madison County, Virginia

Madison County Education, Geography, and History

Madison County, Virginia Courthouse

Madison County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 13,308. Its county seat is Madison

Etymology - Origin of Madison County Name

Madison is named for the family of US president James Madison.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Madison County History

Madison County, Virginia formed from Lincoln County. Legislative enactment in 1785. Organized in 1786. Now part of Kentucky. [Virginia Counties: Those Resulting from Virginia Legislation, by Morgan Poitiaux Robinson, originally published as Bulletin of the Virginia State Library, Volume 9, January, April, July 1916, reprinted 1992 by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD.]

Madison County was named for James Madison, a prominent Virginian and a member of Congress in 1792 when the county was formed from Culpeper County. Its area is 321 square miles, and the county seat is Madison. The population is 12,520 according to the 2000 census.

Madison County was granted a charter in December 1792 well after the earliest colonists had settled the area. It was named for the Madison family that owned a tract of land along the Rapidan River. This family produced one of our nation's early presidents, James Madison whose estate is in neighboring Orange County. Madison County has been a crossroads of history for over 11,000 years. Paleo-Indians, the royal governor Alexander Spottswood and the Knights of the Golden Horseshoe, as well as Civil War Generals Stonewall Jackson and J. E. B. Stuart along with their men have all been visitors to Madison County. Trails and early roads led through the Piedmont area of Madison and up into the Blue Ridge Mountains enabling 18th and 19th century travelers to enter the Shenandoah Valley. Early settlers included German, English and Scots/Irish families in the 18th century. Descendants of these families still live in Madison. President Herbert Hoover bought land in the mountain area of Madison and built his summer camp there. His official visit to the town of Madison in August 1929 is commemorated annually. The county has retained its rich agricultural tradition and has maintained the architectural heritage of 18th and 19th century buildings and homes

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 322 square miles (833 km2), of which, 321 square miles (832 km2) of it is land and 0 square miles (1 km2) of it (0.11%) is water.

A significant portion of western Madison County is within Shenandoah National Park, including Old Rag, one of its most popular tourist destinations, and Rapidan Camp, the presidential retreat built by Herbert Hoover.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Page County, Virginia - northwest
  • Rappahannock County, Virginia - north
  • Culpeper County, Virginia - east
  • Orange County, Virginia - southeast
  • Greene County, Virginia - southwest


Madison County High School 

Compare More Colleges and Universities
Find the Right School

Find more schools to match to your needs.

County Resources
US Counties
Click Image to Enlarge