Virginia Counties
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Virginia Counties

The Commonwealth of Virginia is divided into ninety-five counties and thirty-eight independent cities, which are considered county-equivalents for census purposes.

Middlesex County, Virginia

Middlesex County Education, Geography, and History

Middlesex County, Virginia Courthouse

Middlesex County is a county located on the Middle Peninsula in the state of Virginia. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 10,959. Its county seat is Saluda

Etymology - Origin of Middlesex County Name

Middlesex is probably named for the English county of Middlesex.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Middlesex County History

Middlesex County, Virginia formed from Lancaster County. Legislative enactment in 1673. First court held 2 Feb 1673/4. [Virginia Counties: Those Resulting from Virginia Legislation, by Morgan Poitiaux Robinson, originally published as Bulletin of the Virginia State Library, Volume 9, January, April, July 1916, reprinted 1992 by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD.]

Middlesex County probably was named for the English county. It was formed from Lancaster County about 1669. Its area is 130 square miles, and the county seat is Saluda.

Geography: Land and Water

Middlesex County is located at the eastern end of Virginia's Middle Peninsula region. The County is bounded by the Rappahannock River to the north, by the Chesapeake Bay to the east, by the Piankatank River and Dragon Run Swamp to the southwest, and by Essex County to the northwest. The County has a land area of 132 square miles (342 km2) and 135 miles (217 km) of shoreline.

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 211 square miles (546 km2), of which, 130 square miles (337 km2) of it is land and 80 square miles (208 km2) of it (38.18%) is water.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Essex County, VA to the northwest
  • Gloucester County, VA to the south
  • King and Queen County, VA to the west
  • Lancaster County, VA to the northeast
  • Mathews County, VA to the southeast
  • Richmond County, VA to the north


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