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Arkansas Counties
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Arkansas Counties
There are 75 Counties in the State of Arkansas which vary from the rich Delta farmlands of the Mississippi River valley to the rolling hills and gently sloped mountains of the Ozarks and Ouachitas

Garland County, Arkansas

Garland County History, Geography, and Demographics

County Seat: Hot Springs
Year Organized: 1873
Square Miles: 678
Court House:

501 Ouachita Avenue
County Courthouse
Hot Springs, AR 71901-5154

Etymology - Origin of County Name

Garland is named for Augustus Hill Garland, the eighth governor of Arkansas. Augustus Hill Garland (June 11, 1832 – January 26, 1899) was an Arkansas lawyer and politician. He was a senator in both the United States and the Confederate States, served as Governor of Arkansas and as Attorney General of the United States in first administration of Grover Cleveland.


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

County History

Created in April 5, 1873, and was named after Augustus. H. Garland, Governor of Arkansas, US Senator, and Glover Cleveland's Attorney General. Hot Springs, the county seat, has drawn visitors to the area for many years. The landscape of Garland County is rugged terrain and heavily forested Ouachita Mountains. In 1832, Hot Springs National Park became the first national reservation set aside for recreational purposes and is the only national park within a city. There are 47 springs along the base of the Hot Springs Mountain. The courthouse is the only one in Arkansas located in a national park. An Act of the United States Congress was required to acquire part of the block where the courthouse stands. Recreation and tourism have always been mainstays of the county's economy, along with livestock production and logging. One of the largest quartz crystal mining operations in North America is located in Garland County. The famous Oak lawn Park offers thoroughbred horse racing from February through April. Three lakes, Lake Ouachita, Lake Catherine and Lake Hamilton all offer a full range of water sports and recreation facilities. New construction of homes and businesses are on the rise in Hot Springs.

Neighboring Counties:

  • Northeast: Perry County
  • East: Saline County
  • Southeast: Hot Spring County
  • West: Montgomery County
  • Northwest: Yell County

Cities and Towns:

- Central City town Incorporated Area
- Fountain Lake town Incorporated Area
- Hot Springs (County Seat) city Incorporated Area
- Lonsdale town Incorporated Area
- Mountain Pine city Incorporated Area

County Resources:

Enter County Resources and Information Here

County Resources
Counties: US Map
The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"