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Arkansas Counties
There are 75 Counties in the State of Arkansas which vary from the rich Delta farmlands of the Mississippi River valley to the rolling hills and gently sloped mountains of the Ozarks and Ouachitas

Polk County, Arkansas

Polk County History, Geography, and Demographics

County Seat: Mena
Year Organized: 1844
Square Miles: 860
Court House:

507 Church Street
County Courthouse
Mena, AR 71953-3257

Etymology - Origin of County Name

Polk is named for James Knox Polk, the eleventh president of the United States. James Knox Polk (pronounced /poʊk/; November 2, 1795–June 15, 1849) was the eleventh President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1845 to March 4, 1849. Polk was born in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, but mostly lived in and represented the state of Tennessee. A Democrat, Polk served as Speaker of the House (1835–1839) and Governor of Tennessee (1839–1841) prior to becoming president.


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

County History

Created in 1844, from part of Sevier County and was named after James K. Polk who was the newly elected President of the United States. The county seat is Mena. Long, narrow ridges of folded rock, large fertile valleys and mountains covered with oak and pine trees make up the landscape of the county. Nearly half of Polk County lies in the Ouachita National Forest. The economic base is made up of lumber and wood products, tree farming, cattle and poultry. Some light manufacturing and service industries contribute to the economy. Rich Mountain, the county's most prominent landmark, has a peak of 2,861 feet. It contains, in a single square mile, more species of wild plants, flowers, and weeds in their natural state than can be found anywhere else in the world on a similar tract of land. Situated on top of Rich Mountain is Queen Wilhelmina State Park with a lodge and restaurant, campsites and other attractions. A 300-acre lake at the foot of the mountain features excellent bank fishing. Many creeks and rivers are scattered through the county. The Ouachita, is a beautiful river, however only experienced canoeists need float. The four-story, stately courthouse building with a large seal of the State of Arkansas over the entrance, stands near the foot of Rich Mountain, one of the tallest mountains in the state.

Neighboring Counties:

  • Northeast: Scott County
  • East: Montgomery County
  • Southeast: Pike County; Howard County
  • South: Sevier County
  • Southwest: McCurtain County, Okla.
  • Northwest: Le Flore County, Okla.

Cities and Towns:

- Cove town Incorporated Area
- Grannis city Incorporated Area
- Hatfield town Incorporated Area
- Mena (County Seat) city Incorporated Area
- Vandervoort town Incorporated Area
- Wickes town Incorporated Area

County Resources:

Enter County Resources and Information Here

County Resources
Counties: US Map
The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"