There are eighty-seven Counties in Minnesota. On October 27, 1849 nine large Minnesota Counties were
created. Among them were Benton, Dahkotah, Itasca, Ramsey, Mahkahta, Pembina, Wabashaw, Washington, and Wahnata.
Of those Benton, Dakota, Itasca, Ramsey, Wabasha, and Washington still exist as their original name. With the
creation of Kittson County on March 9, 1878, Pembina County no longer existed. When Minnesota was organized as a
state, 57 of the present 87 Counties were established. The last county to be created was Lake of the Woods
County in 1923
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Fillmore County was established in 1853. It is named for Millard Fillmore, thirteenth President of the United
States. Located in Southeast Minnesota, Fillmore County was an early destination for Euro-American settlement following the United States'
1851 treaties with the Dakota nations. Norwegian immigrants were particularly numerous. In 1860 Fillmore was the most populous county in
Geography: Land and Water
As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 862 square miles (2,230 km2), of which 861 square miles (2,230 km2) is
land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2) (0.09%) is water.
The county is part of the Driftless Area, or in its own documents, the Paleozoic plateau. This part of Minnesota was ice-free during the last
ice age. The county to the east is more rugged, but Fillmore County also displays a karst topography.
Bordering counties are as follows:
Winona County (northeast)
Houston County (east)
Winneshiek County, Iowa (southeast)
Howard County, Iowa (southwest)
Mower County (west)
Olmsted County (northwest)