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Virginia Counties
The Commonwealth of Virginia is divided into 95 counties and 39 independent cities, which are considered county-equivalents for census purposes.

Buchanan County, Virginia

Buchanan County History, Geography, and Demographics

County Seat: Grundy
Year Organized: 1858
Square Miles: 504
Court House:

P.O. Drawer 950
County Courthouse
Grundy, VA 24614-0950

Etymology - Origin of County Name

Buchanan is named for U.S. president James Buchanan


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

County History

Buchanan County, Virginia formed from Russell and Tazewell Counties. [Virginia Counties: Those Resulting from Virginia Legislation, by Morgan Poitiaux Robinson, originally published as Bulletin of the Virginia State Library, Volume 9, January, April, July 1916, reprinted 1992 by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD.]

Buchanan County was named for the United States president James Buchanan and was formed from Tazewell and Russell Counties in 1858. Its area is 508 square miles, and the county seat is Grundy. The population is 26,978 according to the 2000 census. Buchanan is one of the Commonwealth's Burned Records Counties. County court records were destroyed by fire in 1885; records created after that date suffered extreme damage in a flood in 1977. A few re-recorded deeds exist.

Neighboring Counties:

  • Mingo County, West Virginia - north-northeast
  • McDowell County, West Virginia - east
  • Tazewell County, Virginia - southeast
  • Russell County, Virginia - south
  • Dickenson County, Virginia - southwest
  • Pike County, Kentucky - northwest

Cities and Towns:

- Grundy (County Seat) town Incorporated Area

County Resources:

Enter County Resources and Information Here

County Resources
Counties: US Map
The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"