|County Seat: Grundy
Year Organized: 1858
Square Miles: 504
P.O. Drawer 950
Buchanan is named for U.S. president James Buchanan
County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts
Buchanan County, Virginia formed from Russell and Tazewell Counties. [Virginia Counties: Those Resulting from Virginia Legislation, by Morgan Poitiaux Robinson, originally published as Bulletin of the Virginia State Library, Volume 9, January, April, July 1916, reprinted 1992 by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD.]
Buchanan County was named for the United States president James Buchanan and was formed from Tazewell and Russell Counties in 1858. Its area is 508 square miles, and the county seat is Grundy. The population is 26,978 according to the 2000 census. Buchanan is one of the Commonwealth's Burned Records Counties. County court records were destroyed by fire in 1885; records created after that date suffered extreme damage in a flood in 1977. A few re-recorded deeds exist.
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